- 1 Collaboration
- 2 Knowledge
- 2.1 Notes
- 2.2 Lists
- 2.3 Outlines
- 2.4 Documentation
- 2.5 Journals
- 2.6 Indexing
- 2.7 Reference management
- 2.8 Personal information management
- 2.9 Library
- 2.10 Information mapping
- 2.11 Knowledge domain mapping
- 2.12 Management and science
- 2.13 Curation
- 2.14 Archivism
- 2.15 Future
- 2.16 to sort
- 3 Task/project management
- 3.1 Questions
- 3.2 Todo lists
- 3.3 Getting Things Done
- 3.4 Kanban
- 3.4.1 Software
- 3.4.2 Services
- 3.5 to sort
- 3.6 Phabricator
- 3.7 Taiga
- 3.8 To sort
- 3.9 Process
- 3.10 Lean
- 3.11 Kaizen
- 3.12 Action method
- 3.13 Six Sigma
- 3.14 Certifications
- 3.15 Scale
- 3.16 Online
- 3.17 Talking circle
- 3.18 Sociocracy
- 3.19 Holacracy
- 3.20 Initiative circle
- 3.21 TRIZ
- 3.22 Other
- 4 Time management
- 4.1 Task routine
- 4.2 Time tracking
- 4.3 Break management
- 4.4 Calendar / CalDAV
- 4.5 Appointments
- 4.6 Scheduling
- 5 Event management
- 6 Product management
- 7 Decluttering
- 8 Microfinance
- 9 Constraint planning
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Organization - an entity comprising multiple people, such as an institution or an association, that has a collective goal and is linked to an external environment. The word is derived from the Greek word organon, which means "organ"
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Collaboration - occurs when two or more people or organizations work together to realize or achieve a goal. Collaboration is very similar to cooperation. Most collaboration requires leadership, although the form of leadership can be social within a decentralized and egalitarian group. Teams that work collaboratively can obtain greater resources, recognition and reward when facing competition for finite resources.
Structured methods of collaboration encourage introspection of behavior and communication. These various methods specifically aim to increase the success of teams as they engage in collaborative problem solving. Collaboration is also present in opposing goals exhibiting the notion of adversarial collaboration, though this is not a common case for using the word.
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Organizational_culture - encompasses values and behaviors that contribute to the unique social and psychological environment of a business. The organizational culture influences the way people interact, the context within which knowledge is created, the resistance they will have towards certain changes, and ultimately the way they share (or the way they do not share) knowledge. Organizational culture represents the collective values, beliefs and principles of organizational members. It may also be influenced by factors such as history, product, market, technology, strategy, type of employees, management style, and national culture. Culture includes the organization's vision, values, norms, systems, symbols, language, assumptions, environment, location, beliefs and habits.
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Organismic_theories - in psychology are a family of holistic psychological theories which tend to stress the organization, unity, and integration of human beings expressed through each individual's inherent growth or developmental tendency. The idea of an explicitly "organismic theory" dates at least back to the publication of Kurt Goldstein's The organism: A holistic approach to biology derived from pathological data in man in 1934. Organismic theories and the "organic" metaphor were inspired by organicist approaches in biology. The most direct influence from inside psychology comes from gestalt psychology. This approach is often contrasted with mechanistic and reductionist perspectives in psychology.
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Text_and_conversation_theory - a theory in the field of organizational communication illustrating how communication makes up an organization. In the theory's simplest explanation, an organization is created and defined by communication. Communication "is" the organization and the organization exists because communication takes place. The theory is built on the notion, an organization is not seen as a physical unit holding communication. Text and conversation theory puts communication processes at the heart of organizational communication and postulates, an organization doesn't contain communication as a "causal influence", but is formed by the communication within. This theory is not intended for direct application, but rather to explain how communication exists. The theory provides a framework for better understanding organizational communication.
Since the foundation of organizations are in communication, an organization cannot exist without communication, and the organization is defined as the result of communications happening within its context. Communications begin with individuals within the organization discussing beliefs, goals, structures, plans and relationships. These communicators achieve this through constant development, delivery, and translation of "text and conversation". The theory proposes mechanisms of communications are "text and "conversation".
- Turbulance: Network organisation for the 21st century - Harry Halpin and Kay Summer - "future movements must consciously try to avoid two distinct fates: either the dissolution into a decentralised network of loose clusters of relatively isolated groups, movements and individuals – the fate of the summit-hopping phase of the movement of movements – or a decline towards a centralised network of cadres, which severely damaged the movement in the Sixties. Our lines of flight from these dead-ends consist in wilfully pushing ourselves to learn from successful networks and evolve towards a mature distributed network with abundant hubs and a powerful long tail: a movement with both mass participation and dynamic hubs of people and events, capable of evolving and responding rapidly to a fast-changing world."
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Workplace_democracy - the application of democracy in all its forms (including voting systems, debates, democratic structuring, due process, adversarial process, systems of appeal) to the workplace
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Labour_is_not_a_commodity - the principle expressed in the preamble to the International Labour Organization's founding documents. It expresses the view that people should not be treated like inanimate commodities, capital, another mere factor of production, or resources. Instead, people who work for a living should be treated as human beings, and accorded dignity and respect.
- YouTube: Network Literacy Part Two
- Loomio - a collaborative decision-making tool that makes it easy for anyone to participate in decisions which affect them.
- Peeragogy - a collection of techniques for collaborative learning and collaborative work. By learning how to “work smart” together, we hope to leave the world in a better state than it was when we arrived. Indeed, humans have always learned from each other. But for a long time — until the advent of the Web and widespread access to digital media — schools have had an effective monopoly on the business of learning. Now, with access to open educational resources and free or inexpensive communication platforms, groups of people can learn together outside as well as inside formal institutions. All of this prompted us to reconsider the meaning of “peer learning.”
- http://journal.burningman.org/2016/10/philosophical-center/tenprinciples/a-brief-history-of-who-ruined-burning-man/ 
- Redecentralize.org - We’ve had enough of digital monopolies and surveillance capitalism. We want a world that works for everyone, just like the original intention of the web and net.We seek a world of open platforms and protocols with real choices of applications and services for people. We care about privacy, transparency and autonomy. Our organisations and tools should fundamentally be accountable and resilient.
- Powercube.net - contains practical and conceptual materials to help us think about how to respond to power relations within organisations and in wider social and political spaces. This resource is a collective effort, please contact us if you have something to contribute and share with others interested in power analysis.
- Expressions of Power - Power is often defined only in negative terms, and as a form of domination, Power Over but it can also be a positive force, Power With, Power To, Power Within, for individual and collective capacity to act for change. Lisa VeneKlasen and Valeries Miller describee these four ‘expressions of power’ in A New Weave of Power (2002, page 55).
- Poetry Foundation: So You Want to Open a Small Press Bookstore/Artist-Run Space? A Cautionary Tale by Noel Black - 
- https://github.com/mttmyr/awesome-tech-cooperatives - A collection of awesome cooperative tech companies and projects
- Wiki as Pattern Language - We describe the origin of wiki technology, which has become widely influential, and its relationship to the development of pattern languages in software. We show here how the relationship is deeper than previously understood, opening up the possibility of expanded capability for wikis, including a new generation of “federated” wiki.
- Patterns of Software - Tales from the Software Community, Richard P. Gabriel with foreward by Christopher Alexander
- Group Works - deck of 100 full-colour cards (91 patterns + 9 category cards) names what skilled facilitators and other participants do to make things work. The content is more specific than values and less specific than tips and techniques, cutting across existing methodologies with a designer's eye to capture the patterns that repeat. The deck can be used to plan sesssions, reflect on and debrief them, provide guidance, and share responsibility for making the process go well. It has the potential to provide a common reference point for practitioners, and serve as a framework and learning tool for those studying the field.The cards were created by more than fifty volunteers (the Group Pattern Language Project) from diverse organizational backgrounds who collaborated over three years to express the core wisdom at the heart of successful group sessions. The cards are accompanied by a 5-panel explanatory legend card and a booklet describing the deck's purpose, story, and ideas for suggested activities.
- Worse Is Better - Richard P. Gabriel. The concept known as "worse is better" holds that in software making (and perhaps in other arenas as well) it is better to start with a minimal creation and grow it as needed. Christopher Alexander might call this "piecemeal growth." This is the story of the evolution of that concept.
- http://blog.trello.com/avoid-social-loafing/ - 'don't do nothing', delegated and radical authority/ownership 
- http://blog.capwatkins.com/the-sliding-scale-of-giving-a-fuck 
- http://www.nature.com/articles/srep18634 
- Liberating Voices Pattern Language - "Our mission is to help understand, motivate and inform the worldwide movement to establish full access to information and communication — including the design, development, and management of information and communication systems. We're working together to develop one or more "pattern languages" which can help people think about, design, develop, manage and use information and communication systems that more fully meet human needs now — and in the future."
- PURPLSOC - Pursuit of Pattern Languages for Societal Change
- Tree Bressen Group Facilitation - Organizational design centered in fulfilling your purpose. Holding space for accessing group wisdom through meetings and trainings that are lively, effective, and connecting. Balancing structure with flexibility, Tree creates high-quality process with clear results.
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Disagree_and_commit - a management principle which states that individuals are allowed to disagree while a decision is being made, but that once a decision has been made, everybody must commit to it. The principle can also be understood as a statement about when it is useful to have conflict and disagreement, with the principle saying disagreement is useful in early states of decision-making while harmful after a decision has been made. Disagree and commit is a method of avoiding the consensus trap, in which the lack of consensus leads to inaction
- http://brooklynoptimist.com/2014/04/10/hacker-school-banning-feigned-surprise-is-absolutely-brilliant/ 
- PDF: Buddy System Guidelines - "The selection decision is just the beginning of rewarding working relationships. Providing employees with the tools to successfully acclimate to an institutional culture ensures immediate benefits for both managers/supervisors as well as employees. Buddy systems engage employees at a pace that is productive and effective for individual and team success. This tool is designed to give guidelines for using the Buddy system to meet the specific orientation needs of you and your team.What is a Buddy? A Buddy is someone who partners with an employee during their employment transition. The Buddy’s role is to offer guidance and share experiences that support their new role and responsibilities at FIU."
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MECE_principle - pronounced "meece", is a grouping principle for separating a set of items into subsets that are mutually exclusive (ME) and collectively exhaustive (CE). It was developed in the late 1960s by Barbara Minto at McKinsey & Company and is underlying her Minto Pyramid Principle, but is based on ideas going back as far as Aristotle.
- What is Lean Coffee? – Agile Coffee - The Lean Coffee format is both easy to follow and effective at facilitating learning and collaboration through group discussions. Although the name combines ‘Lean’ (eg. Lean Thinking, Lean Startup, etc.) and ‘Coffee’ (implying casual morning sessions), neither the topics nor the meeting times need be so rigid. For instance, I’ve attended Lean Coffee meetups held in mornings, afternoons and evenings. You can gather at a local coffee house, a pub or at your office. Most successful Lean Coffee groups maintain a reliable cadence, meeting at the same time and place each week or two.
- OpenTeams - an open source suite for visualizing team data. You can try a demo version of openteams at openteam.info.OpenTeams was developed by Jingxian Zhang as part of her Master thesis at the Collective Learning group at the MIT Media Lab, under the supervision of Professor Cesar Hidalgo. OpenTeams builds on Immersion, a project to visualize individual email metadata created at the MIT Media Lab by Daniel Smilkov and Deepak Jagdish, also under the supervision of Professor Cesar Hidalgo. In addition to the work of Jingxian Zhang, OpenTeamsincludes the work of Xiaojiao Chen and Diana Orghian, who contributed to OpenTeams by helping, respectively, with graphic design and social psychology expertise. 
- http://nos.ukces.org.uk/ National Occupational Standards (NOS) are statements of the standards of performance individuals must achieve when carrying out functions in the workplace, together with specifications of the underpinning knowledge and understanding.
- Governance and Organisational Structures - England and Wales
"The Governance Hub’s experience and research suggest that many trustees and management committee members would like greater reassurance and access to practical information about legal structures and their implications. We have frequently been asked to suggest resources that will help in this area. This is why we asked Co-operatives UK to revise and update their Governance and Participation toolkit, and make it more easily available by producing a shorter single document version of the legal and governance proles contained in the toolkit. This text is the result. It presents the most widely used legal forms and governance models that organisations can use, together with other relevant information. It has been updated to include the newer forms now available: community interest companies (CIC) and charitable incorporated organisations (CIO)."
- How Do Committees Invent? - Melvin E. Conway, 1968
- DIY Committee Guide - Whether you are a member of a management committee/board or working to support management committees, you will find this site full of useful resources.
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Committee_of_the_whole - a device in which a legislative body or other deliberative assembly is considered one large committee. All members of the legislative body are members of such a committee. This is usually done for the purposes of discussion and debate of the details of bills and other main motions.
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Facilitation_(business) - Facilitation in business, organizational development (OD), and in consensus decision-making refers to the process of designing and running a successful meeting.
- http://www.human-inquiry.com/cfh.pdf - 'The Complete Facilitator's Handbook', https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Heron
- YouTube: SIX STEPS: The facilitation cycle by Josef W. Seifert - one method
See libertarian socialism, etc. Politics
- YouTube: Anarchic Agreements Playlist
- YouTube: what is consensus?
- YouTube: Just do it - The Title of This Film was Reached by Consensus - Climate Camp. Handsignals.
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Occupy_movement_hand_signals - a group of hand signals used by Occupy Wall Street protesters to negotiate a consensus. The signals have been equated with other hand languages used by soldiers, cliques, or even Wall Street traders. Hand signals are used instead of conventional audible signals, like applause, shouts, or booing, because they do not interrupt the speaker using the human microphone, a system where the front of the crowd repeats the speaker so that the content can be heard at the back of the crowd. Between sharing of information on Facebook, Twitter, and other news reports, the hand signals have become common at other Occupy movement protest locations. Some protesters go to neighboring groups to assist in teaching the hand signals along with other general cooperation. There are YouTube videos showing the hand signals, though the signals are not universal at all locations.
- YouTube: Consensus (Occupy Wallstreet)
- YouTube: Coming to Consensus (1/6)
- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Polder_model - dutch government
- https://strawpoll.me/ - straw polls as not voting, just focusing attention. hard issues are still heard, maybe bracketed.
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conflict_resolution - conceptualized as the methods and processes involved in facilitating the peaceful ending of conflict and retribution. Committed group members attempt to resolve group conflicts by actively communicating information about their conflicting motives or ideologies to the rest of group (e.g., intentions; reasons for holding certain beliefs) and by engaging in collective negotiation. Dimensions of resolution typically parallel the dimensions of conflict in the way the conflict is processed. Cognitive resolution is the way disputants understand and view the conflict, with beliefs, perspectives, understandings and attitudes. Emotional resolution is in the way disputants feel about a conflict, the emotional energy. Behavioral resolution is reflective of how the disputants act, their behavior. Ultimately a wide range of methods and procedures for addressing conflict exist, including negotiation, mediation, mediation-arbitration, diplomacy, and creative peacebuilding. The term conflict resolution may also be used interchangeably with dispute resolution, where arbitration and litigation processes are critically involved. The concept of conflict resolution can be thought to encompass the use of nonviolent resistance measures by conflicted parties in an attempt to promote effective resolution.
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dispute_resolution - the process of resolving disputes between parties. The term dispute resolution is sometimes used interchangeably with conflict resolution, although conflicts are generally more deep-rooted and lengthy than disputes. Dispute resolution techniques assist the resolution of antagonisms between parties that can include citizens, corporations, and governments.
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mediation - a dynamic, structured, interactive process where a neutral third party assists disputing parties in resolving conflict through the use of specialized communication and negotiation techniques. All participants in mediation are encouraged to actively participate in the process. Mediation is a "party-centered" process in that it is focused primarily upon the needs, rights, and interests of the parties. The mediator uses a wide variety of techniques to guide the process in a constructive direction and to help the parties find their optimal solution. A mediator is facilitative in that she/he manages the interaction between parties and facilitates open communication. Mediation is also evaluative in that the mediator analyzes issues and relevant norms ("reality-testing"), while refraining from providing prescriptive advice to the parties (e.g., "You should do... .").Mediation, as used in law, is a form of alternative dispute resolution resolving disputes between two or more parties with concrete effects. Typically, a third party, the mediator, assists the parties to negotiate a settlement. Disputants may mediate disputes in a variety of domains, such as commercial, legal, diplomatic, workplace, community and family matters.
- http://mjg59.dreamwidth.org/46791.html - not safe
- https://github.com/ContributorCovenant/contributor_covenant - The first and most popular code of conduct for open source and ethical open source projects and communities.
- The New York Times: Happy ‘National Jealousy Day’! Finland Bares Its Citizens’ Taxes
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Logistics - the management of the flow of goods between the point of origin and the point of consumption in order to meet some requirements, of customers or corporations. The resources managed in logistics can include physical items, such as food, materials, animals, equipment and liquids, as well as abstract items, such as time, information, particles, and energy. The logistics of physical items usually involves the integration of information flow, material handling, production, packaging, inventory, transportation, warehousing, and often security. The complexity of logistics can be modeled, analyzed, visualized, and optimized by dedicated simulation software. The minimization of the use of resources is a common motivation in logistics for import and export. "the detailed organization and implementation of a complex operation.", a branch of engineering that creates "people systems" rather than "machine systems."
- A Taxonomy of Yak Shaving – Jessitron - https://jessitron.com/2020/07/17/talk-shaving-the-golden-yak
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Servant_leadership - both a leadership philosophy and set of leadership practices. Traditional leadership generally involves the accumulation and exercise of power by one at the “top of the pyramid.” By comparison, the servant-leader shares power, puts the needs of others first and helps people develop and perform as highly as possible.
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Authentic_leadership - an approach to leadership that emphasizes building the leader’s legitimacy through honest relationships with followers which value their input and are built on an ethical foundation
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Three_levels_of_leadership_model - a modern (2011) leadership model. Designed as a practical tool for developing a person’s leadership presence, knowhow and skill, it aims to summarize what leaders have to do, not only to bring leadership to their group or organization, but also to develop themselves technically and psychologically as leaders.
The first two levels – public and private leadership – are “outer” or “behavioral” levels. Scouller distinguished between the behaviors involved in influencing two or more people simultaneously (what he called “public leadership”) from the behavior needed to select and influence individuals one to one (which he called private leadership). He listed 34 distinct “public leadership” behaviors and a further 14 “private leadership” behaviors. The third level – personal leadership – is an “inner” level and concerns a person’s leadership presence, knowhow, skills, beliefs, emotions and unconscious habits. "At its heart is the leader’s self-awareness, his progress toward self-mastery and technical competence, and his sense of connection with those around him. It's the inner core, the source, of a leader’s outer leadership effectiveness.” (Scouller, 2011).
- Intrafocus: What is RIDDOR - A short Introduction - a summary of The United Kingdom Statute Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations or RIDDOR. It is not a definitive guide and should not be used as such. For full information see article references at the bottom of this page.
a mess. to reorder and fix win relation to other pages.
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Knowledge - a familiarity, awareness, or understanding of someone or something, such as facts, information, descriptions, or skills, which is acquired through experience or education by perceiving, discovering, or learning. Knowledge acquisition involves complex cognitive processes: perception, communication, and reasoning; while knowledge is also said to be related to the capacity of acknowledgement in human beings.
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Information_society - a society where the creation, distribution, use, integration and manipulation of information is a significant economic, political, and cultural activity. Its main drivers are digital information and communication technologies, which have resulted in an information explosion and are profoundly changing all aspects of social organization, including the economy, education, health, warfare, government and democracy. The people who have the means to partake in this form of society are sometimes called digital citizens, defined by K. Mossberger as “Those who use the Internet regularly and effectively”. This is one of many dozen labels that have been identified to suggest that humans are entering a new phase of society. The markers of this rapid change may be technological, economic, occupational, spatial, cultural, or some combination of all of these. Information society is seen as the successor to industrial society. Closely related concepts are the post-industrial society (Daniel Bell), post-fordism, post-modern society, knowledge society, telematic society, Information Revolution, liquid modernity, and network society (Manuel Castells).
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Knowledge_space_(philosophy) - described as an emerging anthropological space in which the knowledge of individuals becomes the primary focus for social structure, values, and beliefs. The concept is put forward and explored by philosopher and media critic Pierre Lévy in his 1997 book Collective Intelligence.
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Knowledge_management - the process of creating, sharing, using and managing the knowledge and information of an organisation. It refers to a multidisciplinary approach to achieving organisational objectives by making the best use of knowledge.]An established discipline since 1991, KM includes courses taught in the fields of business administration, information systems, management, library, and information sciences. Other fields may contribute to KM research, including information and media, computer science, public health and public policy. Several universities offer dedicated master's degrees in knowledge management.Many large companies, public institutions and non-profit organisations have resources dedicated to internal KM efforts, often as a part of their business strategy, IT, or human resource management departments. Several consulting companies provide advice regarding KM to these organisations. Knowledge management efforts typically focus on organisational objectives such as improved performance, competitive advantage, innovation, the sharing of lessons learned, integration and continuous improvement of the organisation. These efforts overlap with organisational learning and may be distinguished from that by a greater focus on the management of knowledge as a strategic asset and on encouraging the sharing of knowledge. KM is an enabler of organisational learning.
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Organizational_memory - sometimes called institutional or corporate memory, is the accumulated body of data, information, and knowledge created in the course of an individual organization's existence. Falling under the wider disciplinary umbrella of knowledge management, it has two repositories: an organization's archives, including its electronic data bases; and individuals' memories.Kenneth Megill says corporate memory is information of value for re-use. He views corporate memory from the perspective of information services such as libraries, records management and archival management. Organizational memory can only be applied if it can be accessed. To make use of it, organizations must have effective retrieval systems for their archives and good memory recall among the individuals that make up the organization. Its importance to an organization depends upon how well individuals can apply it, a discipline known as experiential learning or evidence-based practice. In the case of individuals' memories, organizational memory's veracity is invariably compromised by the inherent limitations of human memory. Individuals' reluctance to admit to mistakes and difficulties compounds the problem. The actively encouraged flexible labor market has imposed an Alzheimer's-like corporate amnesia on organizations that creates an inability to benefit from hindsight.
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Knowledge_commons - refers to information, data, and content that is collectively owned and managed by a community of users, particularly over the Internet. What distinguishes a knowledge commons from a commons of shared physical resources is that digital resources are non-subtractible; that is, multiple users can access the same digital resources with no effect on their quantity or quality.
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Meta-communication - or metacommunication, is a secondary communication (including indirect cues) about how a piece of information is meant to be interpreted. It is based on the idea that the same message accompanied by different meta-communication can mean something entirely different, including its opposite, as in irony. The term was brought to prominence by Gregory Bateson to refer to "communication about communication", which he expanded to: "all exchanged cues and propositions about (a) codification and (b) relationship between the communicators". Metacommunication may or may not be congruent, supportive or contradictory of that verbal communication.
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Collective_intelligence - shared or group intelligence that emerges from the collaboration, collective efforts, and competition of many individuals and appears in consensus decision making. The term appears in sociobiology, political science and in context of mass peer review and crowdsourcing applications. It may involve consensus, social capital and formalisms such as voting systems, social media and other means of quantifying mass activity. Collective IQ is a measure of collective intelligence, although it is often used interchangeably with the term collective intelligence. Collective intelligence has also been attributed to bacteria and animals. It can be understood as an emergent property from the synergies among: 1) data-information-knowledge; 2) software-hardware; and 3) experts (those with new insights as well as recognized authorities) that continually learns from feedback to produce just-in-time knowledge for better decisions than these three elements acting alone. Or more narrowly as an emergent property between people and ways of processing information. This notion of collective intelligence is referred to as "symbiotic intelligence" by Norman Lee Johnson. The concept is used in sociology, business, computer science and mass communications: it also appears in science fiction. Pierre Lévy defines collective intelligence as, "It is a form of universally distributed intelligence, constantly enhanced, coordinated in real time, and resulting in the effective mobilization of skills. I'll add the following indispensable characteristic to this definition: The basis and goal of collective intelligence is mutual recognition and enrichment of individuals rather than the cult of fetishized or hypostatized communities." According to researchers Pierre Lévy and Derrick de Kerckhove, it refers to capacity of networked ICTs (Information communication technologies) to enhance the collective pool of social knowledge by simultaneously expanding the extent of human interactions.
Collective intelligence strongly contributes to the shift of knowledge and power from the individual to the collective. According to Eric S. Raymond (1998) and JC Herz (2005), open source intelligence will eventually generate superior outcomes to knowledge generated by proprietary software developed within corporations (Flew 2008). Media theorist Henry Jenkins sees collective intelligence as an 'alternative source of media power', related to convergence culture. He draws attention to education and the way people are learning to participate in knowledge cultures outside formal learning settings. Henry Jenkins criticizes schools which promote 'autonomous problem solvers and self-contained learners' while remaining hostile to learning through the means of collective intelligence. Both Pierre Lévy (2007) and Henry Jenkins (2008) support the claim that collective intelligence is important for democratization, as it is interlinked with knowledge-based culture and sustained by collective idea sharing, and thus contributes to a better understanding of diverse society.
- YouTube: Pierre Lévy on Collective Intelligence Literacy - Howard Rheingold, 2011, 13:36
- YouTube: Pierre Lévy talks about Collective Intelligence at Senac - 2014, 1:33:49
"the point is to augment reflexivity" 
- YouTube: MIT Communications Forum: Collective Intelligence - 2007
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Information_retrieval - the activity of obtaining information system resources that are relevant to an information need from a collection of those resources. Searches can be based on full-text or other content-based indexing. Information retrieval is the science of searching for information in a document, searching for documents themselves, and also searching for the metadata that describes data, and for databases of texts, images or sounds.Automated information retrieval systems are used to reduce what has been called information overload. An IR system is a software system that provides access to books, journals and other documents; stores and manages those documents. Web search engines are the most visible IR applications
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Knowledge_transfer - refers to sharing or disseminating of knowledge and providing inputs to problem solving. In organizational theory, knowledge transfer is the practical problem of transferring knowledge from one part of the organization to another. Like knowledge management, knowledge transfer seeks to organize, create, capture or distribute knowledge and ensure its availability for future users. It is considered to be more than just a communication problem.
- How to focus in the age of distraction
- Domain Knowledge or a Lack Thereof
- I Fucking Google Everything
- Haystack Group - MIT Research on Information Access, Analysis, Management, and Distribution Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Our goal is to make it easier for people to collect, organize, find, visualize, and share their information. We are an interdisciplinary group of researchers blending approaches from human-computer interaction, social computing, databases, web infrastructure, information retrieval, artificial intelligence and the semantic web.
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Information_architecture - the structural design of shared information environments; the art and science of organizing and labelling websites, intranets, online communities and software to support usability and findability; and an emerging community of practice focused on bringing principles of design, architecture and information science to the digital landscape. Typically, it involves a model or concept of information that is used and applied to activities which require explicit details of complex information systems. These activities include library systems and database development.
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Note-taking - is the practice of recording information captured from another source. By taking notes, the writer records the essence of the information, freeing their mind from having to recall everything. Notes are commonly drawn from a transient source, such as an oral discussion at a meeting, or a lecture (notes of a meeting are usually called minutes), in which case the notes may be the only record of the event. Note taking is a form of self discipline.
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hypomnema - also spelled hupomnema, is a Greek word with several translations into English including a reminder, a note, a public record, a commentary, an anecdotal record, a draft, a copy, and other variations on those terms.
- WikiBooks: Note Taking For Students
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Commonplace_book - or commonplaces are a way to compile knowledge, usually by writing information into books. They have been kept from antiquity, and were kept particularly during the Renaissance and in the nineteenth century. Such books are essentially scrapbooks filled with items of every kind: recipes, quotes, letters, poems, tables of weights and measures, proverbs, prayers, legal formulas. Commonplaces are used by readers, writers, students, and scholars as an aid for remembering useful concepts or facts. Each one is unique to its creator's particular interests but they almost always include passages found in other texts, sometimes accompanied by the compiler's responses. They became significant in Early Modern Europe.
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lab_notebook - or lab book) is a primary record of research. Researchers use a lab notebook to document their hypotheses, experiments and initial analysis or interpretation of these experiments. The notebook serves as an organizational tool, a memory aid, and can also have a role in protecting any intellectual property that comes from the research
- National Institutes of Health (US), Office of Intramural Training and Education’s Webinar on Keeping a Lab Notebook
- https://github.com/galfarragem/superfolder - an ultra-simple system loosely inspired in GTD, Todo.txt (notes on TXT files), Bullet journal (notes on paper), index cards, Inbox and Desktop zero.
- Chrome: Evernote Web Clipper
- http://www.geeknote.me/ - cli
- http://nevernote.sourceforge.net - NixNote
- Joplin - a free, open source note taking and to-do application, which can handle a large number of notes organised into notebooks. The notes are searchable, can be copied, tagged and modified either from the applications directly or from your own text editor. The notes are in Markdown format.Notes exported from Evernote via .enex files can be imported into Joplin, including the formatted content (which is converted to Markdown), resources (images, attachments, etc.) and complete metadata (geolocation, updated time, created time, etc.). Plain Markdown files can also be imported.The notes can be synchronised with various cloud services including Nextcloud, Dropbox, OneDrive, WebDAV or the file system (for example with a network directory). When synchronising the notes, notebooks, tags and other metadata are saved to plain text files which can be easily inspected, backed up and moved around.The application is available for Windows, Linux, macOS, Android and iOS (the terminal app also works on FreeBSD). A Web Clipper, to save web pages and screenshots from your browser, is also available for Firefox and Chrome.
- Tomboy is a desktop note-taking application for Linux, Unix, Windows, and Mac OS X. Simple and easy to use, but with potential to help you organize the ideas and information you deal with every day.
- https://github.com/Azeirah/brainstorm - Project-brainstorm is a multi-purpose note-taking application which excells at free writing, prototyping, serious microblogging, task lists and even cheat sheets
- https://github.com/cpbotha/nvpy - Simplenote syncing note-taking application, inspired by Notational Velocity and ResophNotes, but uglier and cross-platformerer.
- OneModel - Record, manage and share any knowledge: fast, free and open
- Raneto - A free, open, simple Markdown powered Knowledgebase for Nodejs
- https://github.com/Uzay-G/archivy - a self-hosted knowledge repository that allows you to safely preserve useful content that contributes to your knowledge bank.
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Enumeration - a complete, ordered listing of all the items in a collection
- A Life-Saving Checklist - If something so simple can transform intensive care, what else can it do? 2007
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Checklist_Manifesto - tl;dr - rise in doctors using checklists to not hurt/kill people
- https://blogs.msdn.microsoft.com/visualstudioalmrangers/2016/11/04/the-secret-sauce-to-managing-our-backlog-and-todo-lists/ 
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Listicle - a portmanteau derived from list and article.
- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Outline_(list) - also called an hierarchical outline, is a list arranged to show hierarchical relationships and is a type of tree structure. It is used to present the main points or topics of a given subject, often used as a rough draft or summary of the content of a document. Preparation of an outline is an intermediate step in the process of writing a scholarly research paper, literature review, thesis or dissertation. A special kind of outline (integrated outline) incorporates scholarly sources into the outline before the writing begins. Writers of fiction and creative nonfiction, such as Jon Franklin, may use outlines to establish plot sequence, character development and dramatic flow of a story, sometimes in conjunction with free writing.
- Wikipedia's contents: Outlines - a summary of the world's knowledge, in the form of an outline. Each subject in turn links to an outline that summarizes that subject. Together, these outlines also form a multipage site map of Wikipedia.
- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Outliner - a computer program that allows text to be organized into discrete sections that are related in a tree structure or hierarchy. Text may be collapsed into a node, or expanded and edited. Outliners are typically used for computer programming, collecting or organizing ideas, as personal information management or for project management. Mind mappers and wikis are related types of software.
- blast from the past - classic outliners - by James LaRue, September 2001
- outlinersredux.html - by James LaRue, February 18 2002
See also #Org-mode
- Outspline - a free and open-source modular outliner whose functionality can be extended with addons. The most important addon is Organism, which adds advanced time management features and turns the application into a personal organizer, perfectly suited for working with todo lists, scheduling tasks and reminding events.
- MindRaider - personal notebook and outliner. It aims to connect the tradition of outline editors with emerging technologies. MindRaider mission is to help you in organization of your knowledge and associated web, local and real world resources in a way that enables quick navigation, concise representation and inferencing.
- Leo - a PIM, IDE and outliner that accelerates the work flow of programmers, authors and web designers. Outline nodes may appear in more than one place, allowing multiple organizations of data within a single outline.
- KeepNote - a note taking application that works on Windows, Linux, and MacOS X. With KeepNote, you can store your class notes, TODO lists, research notes, journal entries, paper outlines, etc in a simple notebook hierarchy with rich-text formatting, images, and more. Using full-text search, you can retrieve any note for later reference.
- TreeSheets - Free form data organizer. The ultimate replacement for spreadsheets, mind mappers, outliners, PIMs, text editors and small databases. Suitable for any kind of data organization, such as Todo lists, calendars, project management, brainstorming, organizing ideas, planning, requirements gathering, presentation of information, etc. It's like a spreadsheet, immediately familiar, but much more suitable for complex data because it's hierarchical. It's like a mind mapper, but more organized and compact. It's like an outliner, but in more than one dimension. It's like a text editor, but with structure.
- Fargo - a simple idea outliner, notepad, todo list, project organizer. Fargo files are stored in Dropbox. We only need to access a single sub-folder folder. We do not need access to your entire Dropbox (we don't want the responsibility), or any of your existing files. You can easily disconnect if you don't want to continue using Fargo.
- http://littleoutliner.com/ - successor of Fargo but requires Twitter
- Pervane - a bare minimum plain text file based note taking and knowledge base building tool. It doubles as simple file server to render given directories files in web browser. It’s like python’s built-in SimpleHTTPServer but a little bit feature richer like WYSIWYG note taking experience, sidebar with infinite number of nesting, blazing fast text search, file moving, creating from the browser etc.
- Everything Is a List - "The genius of WorkFlowy, the note-taking app that changed the way I organize my life."
- Checkvist - Minimalist keyboard driven online outliner and task manager for teams and individuals. Capture your ideas and notes, create checklists and plans, share with colleagues, and get everything done — together.
Outliner of Giants
- Outliner of Giants - a feature rich outline processor designed to support the creation and management of large corpuses of information, such as those generated by students, researchers, writers and project managers.
- BLUF: The Military Standard That Can Make Your Writing More Powerful - Animalz - a military communications acronym—it stands for “bottom line up front”—that’s designed to enforce speed and clarity in reports and emails.
- RedNotebook - a modern journal. It includes a calendar navigation, customizable templates, export functionality and word clouds. You can also format, tag and search your entries. RedNotebook is Free Software under the GPL.
- jrnl - a simple journal application for your command line. Journals are stored as human readable plain text files - you can put them into a Dropbox folder for instant syncing and you can be assured that your journal will still be readable in 2050, when all your fancy iPad journal applications will long be forgotten.
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Index_term - subject term, subject heading, or descriptor, in information retrieval, is a term that captures the essence of the topic of a document. Index terms make up a controlled vocabulary for use in bibliographic records. They are an integral part of bibliographic control, which is the function by which libraries collect, organize and disseminate documents. They are used as keywords to retrieve documents in an information system, for instance, a catalog or a search engine. A popular form of keywords on the web are tags which are directly visible and can be assigned by non-experts. Index terms can consist of a word, phrase, or alphanumerical term. They are created by analyzing the document either manually with subject indexing or automatically with automatic indexing or more sophisticated methods of keyword extraction. Index terms can either come from a controlled vocabulary or be freely assigned.Keywords are stored in a search index. Common words like articles (a, an, the) and conjunctions (and, or, but) are not treated as keywords because it's inefficient. Almost every English-language site on the Internet has the article "the", and so it makes no sense to search for it. The most popular search engine, Google removed stop words such as "the" and "a" from its indexes for several years, but then re-introduced them, making certain types of precise search possible again.
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Subject_indexing - the act of describing or classifying a document by index terms or other symbols in order to indicate what the document is about, to summarize its content or to increase its findability. In other words, it is about identifying and describing the subject of documents. Indexes are constructed, separately, on three distinct levels: terms in a document such as a book; objects in a collection such as a library; and documents (such as books and articles) within a field of knowledge.Subject indexing is used in information retrieval especially to create bibliographic indexes to retrieve documents on a particular subject. Examples of academic indexing services are Zentralblatt MATH, Chemical Abstracts and PubMed. The index terms were mostly assigned by experts but author keywords are also common.The process of indexing begins with any analysis of the subject of the document. The indexer must then identify terms which appropriately identify the subject either by extracting words directly from the document or assigning words from a controlled vocabulary. The terms in the index are then presented in a systematic order.Indexers must decide how many terms to include and how specific the terms should be. Together this gives a depth of indexing.
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Index_card - (or system card in Australian English) consists of card stock (heavy paper) cut to a standard size, used for recording and storing small amounts of discrete data. A collection of such cards either serves as, or aids the creation of, an index for expedited lookup of information (such as a library catalog or a back-of-the-book index). This system was invented by Carl Linnaeus, around 1760.
The most common size for index cards in North America and UK is 3 by 5 inches (76.2 by 127.0 mm), hence the common name 3-by-5 card. Other sizes widely available include 4 by 6 inches (101.6 by 152.4 mm), 5 by 8 inches (127.0 by 203.2 mm) and ISO-size A7 (74 by 105 mm or 2.9 by 4.1 in). Cards are available in blank, ruled and grid styles in a variety of colors. Special divider cards with protruding tabs and a variety of cases and trays to hold the cards are also sold by stationers and office product companies. They are part of standard stationery...ed by indexing software in the 1980s and 1990s. An often suggested organization method for bibliographical use is to use the smaller 3-inch by 5-inch cards to record the title and citation information of works cited, while using larger cards for recording quotes or other data. Index cards are used for many events and are helpful for planning.
Until the digitization of library catalogs, which began in the 1980s, the primary tool used to locate books was the card catalog, in which every book was described on three cards, filed alphabetically under its title, author, and subject (if non-fiction). Similar catalogs were used by law firms and other entities to organize large quantities of stored documents. However, the adoption of standard cataloging protocols throughout nations with international agreements, along with the rise of the Internet and the conversion of cataloging systems to digital storage and retrieval, has made obsolescent the widespread use of index cards for cataloging.
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edge-notched_card - or edge-punched cards are an obsolete technology used to store a small amount of binary or logical data on paper index cards, encoded via the presence or absence of notches in the edges of the cards. The notches allowed efficient sorting and selecting of specific cards matching multiple desired criteria, from a larger number of cards in a paper-based database of information. In the mid-20th century they were also known by commercial names such as Cope-Chat cards, E-Z Sort cards, and McBee Keysort cards.
- Pile of Index Cards - some simple principles to keep stress-free accumulation of information by using Index Cards and a box called “Dock“. I call it “Pile of Index Cards“, or more simply “PoIC“. As a number of cards grow, the system become own knowledge database. Then we are ready to reproduce higher wisdom. I write this blog not in Japanese, my mother language, but in English because I would like to share information and experience with people all around the world. Comment, question, suggestion on my flickr pictures, blog articles, and wiki is all time welcome.
- list.it - a simple, free and open-source note-keeping tool to help you manage the tons of little information bits you need to keep track of each day.
- Papers - helps you collect and curate the research material that you're passionate about. This award winning reference manager will improve the way you find, organize, read, cite and share.
- Polar - a powerful offline browser for Mac, Windows, and Linux for managing all your web content, books, and notes. Polar keeps all your content in one place, supports tagging, annotation, highlighting and keeps track of your reading progress.  
- https://github.com/jarun/Buku - bookmark Bookmark manager like a text-based mini-web
- TagSpaces - an offline, open source, data manager. It helps you to browse and organize your files. Cross-platform file tagging, annotation and finding.
- JabRef - open source bibliography reference manager. The native file format used by JabRef is BibTeX, the standard LaTeX bibliography format. JabRef is a desktop application and runs on the Java VM (version 8), and works equally well on Windows, Linux, and Mac OS X.BibTeX is an application and a bibliography file format written by Oren Patashnik and Leslie Lamport for the LaTeX document preparation system. General information can be found on the CTAN BibTeX package information page. JabRef also supports BibLaTeX.Bibliographies generated by LaTeX and BibTeX from a BibTeX file can be formatted to suit any reference list specifications through the use of different BibTeX and BibLaTeX style files.
- ArchiveBox - The open source self-hosted web archive. Takes browser history/bookmarks/Pocket/Pinboard/etc., saves HTML, JS, PDFs, media, and more...
- https://github.com/WorldBrain/Memex - Browser Extension to full-text search your browsing history & bookmarks.
- https://github.com/jonschoning/espial - an open-source, web-based bookmarking server.
Personal information management
See also Security#Passwords
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Personal_information_management - practice and the study of the activities people perform in order to acquire, organize, maintain, retrieve and use personal information items such as documents (paper-based and digital), web pages and email messages for everyday use to complete tasks (work-related or not) and fulfill a person’s various roles
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Personal_information_manager - facilitates the recording, tracking, and management of certain types of "personal information".
See also Emacs
- Org mode for Emacs - for keeping notes, maintaining TODO lists, planning projects, and authoring documents with a fast and effective plain-text system.
- org-web - org-mode on the web, built with React, optimized for mobile, synced with Dropbox and Google Drive
- organice - An implementation of Org mode without the dependency of Emacs - built for mobile and desktop browsers 
- https://github.com/orgzly/orgzly-android - Outliner for taking notes and managing to-do lists
- https://github.com/200ok-ch/organice - An implementation of Org mode without the dependency of Emacs - built for mobile and desktop browsers
- https://github.com/jethrokuan/org-roam - a Roam replica built on top of the all-powerful Org-mode. Org-roam is a solution for effortless non-hierarchical note-taking with Org-mode. With Org-roam, notes flow naturally, making note-taking fun and easy. Org-roam should also work as a plug-and-play solution for anyone already using Org-mode for their personal wiki. Org-roam aims to implement the core features of Roam, leveraging the mature ecosystem around Org-mode where possible. Eventually, we hope to further introduce features enabled by the Emacs ecosystem. 
- https://github.com/alphapapa/org-rifle - Rifle through your Org-mode buffers and acquire your target
- Kontact Suite - The Powerful PIM Solution. Handle your email, calendar, contacts and other personal data with Kontact. Kontact groups everything together in one place and helps you manage your communications, organize your day and work with your colleagues. Become more productive with Kontact.
- Standard Notes - a simple and private notes app available on most platforms, including Web, Mac, Windows, Linux, iOS, and Android. It focuses on simplicity, and encrypts data locally before it ever touches a cloud. This means no one can read your notes but you (not even us).
- Dendron - an open-source, local-first, markdown-based, note-taking tool built on top of VSCode. Like most such tools, Dendron supports all the usual features you would expect like tagging, backlinks, a graph view, split panes, and so forth. But it doesn’t stop there - whereas most tools (try to make it) easy to get notes in, they tend to make it hard to get them back out later, and it only gets worse as you add more notes. Dendron helps you get notes back out and works better the more notes you have. 
- Library Success - A Best Practices Wiki, created to be a one-stop shop for great ideas and information for all types of librarians. All over the world, librarians are developing successful programs and doing innovative things with technology that no one outside of their library knows about. There are lots of great blogs out there sharing information about the profession, but there is no one place where all of this information is collected and organized.
- Open Library is an open, editable library catalog, building towards a web page for every book ever published. More
Just like Wikipedia, you can contribute new information or corrections to the catalog. You can browse by subject, author or lists members have created.
- LibrarySpot.com - a free virtual library resource center for educators and students, librarians and their patrons, families, businesses and just about anyone exploring the Web for valuable research information.
- Exploratree is a free web resource where you can access a library of ready-made interactive thinking guides, print them, edit them or make your own. You can share them and work on them in groups too. The Exploratree web resource has been developed by Futurelab and emerged out of our work on the Enquiring Minds project. It provides a series of ready-made interactive 'thinking guides' or 'frameworks' which can support students' projects and research.
- FreeMind is a premier free mind-mapping software written in Java. The recent development has hopefully turned it into high productivity tool. We are proud that the operation and navigation of FreeMind is faster than that of MindManager because of one-click "fold / unfold" and "follow link" operations.
- SharedMind is a collaborative version of FreeMind mind mapping software.
- XMind is the most professional and popular mind mapping tool. Free version is open source.
- Text2MindMap - Online tool for making mindmaps by writing indented lists 
- Semantik - a mind-mapping application for KDE that helps creating documents such as reports or presentations. Mind-maps are edited either as flat trees (linear view on the left) or in two dimensions (center). Each node on the map can be associated with tables, text, pictures or diagrams (botton level). Maps are then converted to "flat" documents such as presentations or reports using document generators. This enables the rapid creation of technical documentation in the LaTeX, OpenOffice or Html format.
Knowledge domain mapping
Management and science
- Vimeo: The Humane Representation of Thought from Bret Victor
"explaining and convincing through reasoning and rhetoric, instead of the newer tools of evidence and explorable(?) models. we want a medium that supports that."
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Project_management - discipline of planning, organizing, securing, managing, leading, and controlling resources to achieve specific goals. A project is a temporary endeavor with a defined beginning and end (usually time-constrained, and often constrained by funding or deliverables), undertaken to meet unique goals and objectives, typically to bring about beneficial change or added value. The temporary nature of projects stands in contrast with ongoing business operations.
- Taiga.io - a project management platform for agile developers & designers and project managers who want a beautiful tool that makes work truly enjoyable.
See also Being#Intersubjectivity
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/FAQ - a list of frequently asked questions (FAQs) and answers on a particular topic, also known as Questions and Answers (Q&A) or Frequently Answered Questions. The format is often used in articles, websites, email lists, and online forums where common questions tend to recur, for example through posts or queries by new users related to common knowledge gaps. The purpose of an FAQ is generally to provide information on frequent questions or concerns; however, the format is a useful means of organizing information, and text consisting of questions and their answers may thus be called an FAQ regardless of whether the questions are actually frequently asked. Since the acronym FAQ originated in textual media, its pronunciation varies. FAQ is most commonly pronounced as an initialism, "F-A-Q", but may also be pronounced as an acronym, "FAQ". Web page designers often label a single list of questions as an "FAQ", such as on Google Search, while using "FAQs" to denote multiple lists of questions such as on United States Treasury sites. Use of "FAQ" to refer to a single frequently asked question, in and of itself, is less common.
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Employee_engagement - a fundamental concept in the effort to understand and describe, both qualitatively and quantitatively, the nature of the relationship between an organization and its employees. An "engaged employee" is defined as one who is fully absorbed by and enthusiastic about their work and so takes positive action to further the organization's reputation and interests. An engaged employee has a positive attitude towards the organization and its values. In contrast, a disengaged employee may range from someone doing the bare minimum at work (aka 'coasting'), up to an employee who is actively damaging the company's work output and reputation. An organization with "high" employee engagement might therefore be expected to outperform those with "low" employee engagement. Employee engagement first appeared as a concept in management theory in the 1990s, becoming widespread in management practice in the 2000s, but it remains contested. It stands in an unspecified relationship to earlier constructs such as morale and job satisfaction. Despite academic critiques, employee engagement practices are well established in the management of human resources and of internal communications.
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Customer_engagement - a business communication connection between an external stakeholder (consumer) and an organization (company or brand) through various channels of correspondence. This connection can be a reaction, interaction, effect or overall customer experience, which takes place online and offline. The term can also be used to define customer-to-customer correspondence regarding a communication, product, service or brand. However, the latter dissemination originates from a business-to-consumer interaction resonated at a subconscious level.Online customer engagement is qualitatively different from offline engagement as the nature of the customer’s interactions with a brand, company and other customers differ on the internet. Discussion forums or blogs, for example, are spaces where people can communicate and socialise in ways that cannot be replicated by any offline interactive medium. Online customer engagement is a social phenomenon that became mainstream with the wide adoption of the internet in the late 1990s, which has expanded the technical developments in broadband speed, connectivity and social media. These factors enable customer behaviour to regularly engage in online communities revolving, directly or indirectly, around product categories and other consumption topics. This process leads to a customer’s positive engagement with the company or offering, as well as the behaviours associated with different degrees of customer engagement.
"the BEST to-do list is the one you use"
- Todo.txt is a plain text file. To take advantage of structured task metadata like priority, projects, context, creation and completion date, there are a few simple but flexible file format rules. Philosophically, the Todo.txt file format has two goals: The file contents should be human-readable without requiring any tools other than a plain text viewer or editor; A user can manipulate the file contents in a plain text editor in sensible, expected ways. For example, a text editor that can sort lines alphabetically should be able to sort your task list in a meaningful way.
- https://github.com/ginatrapani/todo.txt-cli - A simple and extensible shell script for managing your todo.txt file.
- DevTodo - a small command line application for maintaining lists of tasks. It stores tasks hierarchically, with each task given one of five priority levels. Data is stored as JSON.
Emacs Org mode
- Pinup - Sticky notes, corkboards, collaboration
- Deed - lets you keep track of things you plan to do - your deeds.
- Outline - Team wiki, documentation, meeting notes, playbooks, onboarding, work logs, brainstorming, & more…
Getting Things Done
- https://gettingthingsdone.com - Capture, Clarify, Organise, Reflect, Engage
"You will have to make the following lists:
- Next actions (probably several – more on that later)
- Waiting for
- Some day/maybe
"These lists will be reviewed regularly and form the backbone of the GTD system. Their workings are described below. In addition to the lists you will need a calendar which lets you write down date and time sensitive tasks and events."
- Getting (Unremarkable) Things Done: The Problem With David Allen’s Universalism - "Allen preaches task universalism: when you get down to concrete actions, all work is created equal. Deep work cannot be reduced to clear next actions. It is, instead, a philosophy that must be cultivated. If you read Robert Greene’s Mastery, for example, you’ll encounter story after story of remarkable people who didn’t carefully organize tasks, but instead marshaled their energy toward the obsessive (and often messy) pursuit of something new."
- YouTube: How To Use Trello To Be Super Productive In Your Business // Trello Tutorial // Kimberly Ann Jimenez
- YouTube: Helen Meek - Kanban. Back to Basics - LLKD16 - BCS Member Groups
- https://github.com/apankrat/nullboard - Nullboard is a minimalist take on a kanban board / a task list manager, designed to be compact, readable and quick in use.
- Kanboard - a free and open source Kanban project management software.
- https://github.com/andresth/Kandroid - Android App for Kanboard.
- Wekan - an completely Open Source and Free software collaborative kanban board application with MIT license.
- Kanbanik is a free and open source kanban board which can be used for personal kanban as well as for managing of small teams. Kanbanik is a Scala web application with a rich GWT frontend optimized for Google Chrome. For simple install & try there is a runtime for Windows and for Linux available which contains jetty, mongoDB and scripts to run the application with no additional configuration required.
- TaskBoard - Kanban-inspired app for keeping track of things that need to get done. The goal of TaskBoard is to provide a simple and clean interface to a functional and minimal application for keeping track of tasks. It's not trying to be the next Trello or LeanKit.
- Taiga.io - a project management platform for agile developers & designers and project managers who want a beautiful tool that makes work truly enjoyable.
- Restyaboard - Open source Trello alternative, kanban board for task management
- tyto - an extensible and customizable management and organisation tool  - uses browser localstorage
- Lavagna - an open-source issue/project management tool designed for small teams. Lightweight, easy to install, easy to use.
- TaskBoard - A simple, visual way to keep track of what needs to get done
- https://github.com/ncarlier/libreboard - An open-source Trello clone
- https://github.com/coderofsalvation/kanban.bash - commandline asciii kanban board for minimalist productivity bash hackers (csv-based)
- https://github.com/smallhadroncollider/taskell - A CLI task manager, written in Haskell. Tasks stored in a json file in the current working directory - for easy version control. Uses vim style key-bindings.
- https://github.com/klauscfhq/taskbook - Tasks, boards & notes for the command-line habitat. By utilizing a simple and minimal usage syntax, that requires a flat learning curve, taskbook enables you to effectively manage your tasks and notes across multiple boards from within your terminal. All data are written atomically to the storage in order to prevent corruptions, and are never shared with any third party entities. Deleted items are automatically archived and can be inspected or restored at any moment. 
- Taskell - Command-line Kanban board/task manager with support for Trello boards and GitHub projects
- https://github.com/thenativeweb/wolkenkit-boards - a tool for collaboratively organizing notes. 
- Chrome Web Store: Slim Lists for Trello - Shows you more lists in Trello by reducing the width of lists in Trello by up to 50%
google-chrome-stable --app=https://trello.com/b/yourboardaddresshere # launch trello in chrome in kiosk mode. assign this to a keyboard shortcut.
- https://github.com/danielchatfield/trello-desktop - electron wrapper
- YouTube: Pivotal Tracker intro
- pv - a command-line tool that views and edits the Pivotal Tracker stories that have been assigned to you in the My Work pane. It's scoped to just your work, and pv was definitely designed from the perspective of developers working on a project, not project managers who are managing those developers. My opinion is that Pivotal Tracker's UI was designed primarily for people like that, so this shell tool is simply a different way of seeing that, geared more towards developers who don't need to see the scope of the whole project every time they want to check up on their stories.
- http://www.projectlibre.org/ - oss ms project
- http://strikeapp.com/ - v. simply todo service
- Holly - Task tracking for nerds. Holly is TODO lists with an interface for the tech-savvy. If you aren't into code and text editors this will make you cry.
- DropTask - Visual Task Management for Individuals and Teams
- TaskFreak - Original is a simple but efficient web based task manager written in PHP. Getting Things Done based.
- https://www.blossom.io/ - $, lean kanban
- Wekan - The open-source Trello-like kanban.
- Kanboard - a project management software that use the Kanban methodology
- Taskwarrior - What's next? - Free and Open Source Software that manages your TODO list from the command line. It is flexible, fast, and unobtrusive. It does its job then gets out of your way.
- Notion – The all-in-one workspace for your notes, tasks, wikis, and databases
- https://github.com/konstantinmuenster/notion-clone - Edit Notes like in Notion.so. Full-Stack App using React/Express. 
- https://blog.wikimedia.org/2014/11/24/welcome-to-phabricator-wikimedias-new-collaboration-platform/ 
- Taiga.io - a project management platform for agile developers & designers and project managers who want a beautiful tool that makes work truly enjoyable.
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Management_cybernetics - the application of cybernetics to management and organizations. "Management cybernetics" was first introduced by Stafford Beer in the late 1950s. Beer developed the theory through a combination of practical applications and a series of influential books. The practical applications involved steel production, publishing and operations research in a large variety of different industries.
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Decision_support_system - an information system that supports business or organizational decision-making activities. DSSs serve the management, operations and planning levels of an organization (usually mid and higher management) and help people make decisions about problems that may be rapidly changing and not easily specified in advance—i.e. unstructured and semi-structured decision problems. Decision support systems can be either fully computerized or human-powered, or a combination of both.
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Project_Cybersyn - was a Chilean project from 1971–1973 during the presidency of Salvador Allende aimed at constructing a distributed decision support system to aid in the management of the national economy. The project consisted of four modules: an economic simulator, custom software to check factory performance, an operations room, and a national network of telex machines that were linked to one mainframe computer.
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Business_rules_engine - a software system that executes one or more business rules in a runtime production environment. The rules might come from legal regulation ("An employee can be fired for any reason or no reason but not for an illegal reason"), company policy ("All customers that spend more than $100 at one time will receive a 10% discount"), or other sources. A business rule system enables these company policies and other operational decisions to be defined, tested, executed and maintained separately from application code. Rule engines typically support rules, facts, priority (score), mutual exclusion, preconditions, and other functions.
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Business_rule_management_system - a software system used to define, deploy, execute, monitor and maintain the variety and complexity of decision logic that is used by operational systems within an organization or enterprise.
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Business_process_management - a discipline in operations management in which people use various methods to discover, model, analyze, measure, improve, optimize, and automate business processes. Any combination of methods used to manage a company's business processes is BPM. Processes can be structured and repeatable or unstructured and variable. Though not required, enabling technologies are often used with BPM.
uncons, bar/foo camps, cons, etc.
- http://questhub.io/ - social
- Socialism and the Blockchain - Steve Huckle and Martin White. "Bitcoin (BTC) is often cited as Libertarian. However, the technology underpinning Bitcoin, blockchain, has properties that make it ideally suited to Socialist paradigms. Current literature supports the Libertarian viewpoint by focusing on the ability of Bitcoin to bypass central authority and provide anonymity; rarely is there an examination of blockchain technology’s capacity for decentralised transparency and auditability in support of a Socialist model. This paper conducts a review of the blockchain, Libertarianism, and Socialist philosophies. It then explores Socialist models of public ownership and looks at the unique cooperative properties of blockchain that make the technology ideal for supporting Socialist societies. In summary, this paper argues that blockchain technologies are not just a Libertarian tool, they also enhance Socialist forms of governance."
- Colony - a new kind of blockchain based organization. It could be a community project, a company, or a non-profit — your imagination is the only limit.Every colony has its own token. You earn tokens by doing work. The more tokens you hold, the more of the colony you own.Tokens let you stake your ownership on your good judgement when proposing tasks, or claiming someone should be paid.
- Peerdom - an ecosystem of digital tools and a network of passionate supporters that helps organisations evolve as a decentralized, values-based collective of peers.
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Theoria - awareness, consideration, speculation
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Poiesis - production, poetry
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Praxis_(process) - process by which a theory, lesson, or skill is enacted, practised, embodied, or realised.
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/GxP - Good [something] Practice. "Good Current Practice" also used.
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Project_delivery_method - a system used by an agency or owner for organizing and financing design, construction, operations, and maintenance services for a structure or facility by entering into legal agreements with one or more entities or parties.
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bus_factor - total number of key developers who would need to be incapacitated (for example, by getting hit by a bus/truck) to send the project into such disarray that it would not be able to proceed 
- Vimeo: Gordon Guthrie - Lean Software Production And Continuous Integration, from the $100m startup to the under-a-million startup
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kaizen - Japanese meaing 'continual improvement', process used at Toyota
- Action steps
- Backburner items
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Six_Sigma - a set of techniques and tools for process improvement. It was developed by Motorola in 1986. Jack Welch made it central to his business strategy at General Electric in 1995. Today, it is used in many industrial sectors.
Six Sigma seeks to improve the quality of process outputs by identifying and removing the causes of defects (errors) and minimizing variability in manufacturing and business processes. It uses a set of quality management methods, including statistical methods, and creates a special infrastructure of people within the organization ("Champions", "Black Belts", "Green Belts", "Yellow Belts", etc.) who are experts in these methods. Each Six Sigma project carried out within an organization follows a defined sequence of steps and has quantified value targets, for example: reduce process cycle time, reduce pollution, reduce costs, increase customer satisfaction, and increase profits.
The term Six Sigma originated from terminology associated with manufacturing, specifically terms associated with statistical modeling of manufacturing processes. The maturity of a manufacturing process can be described by a sigma rating indicating its yield or the percentage of defect-free products it creates. A six sigma process is one in which 99.99966% of the products manufactured are statistically expected to be free of defects (3.4 defective parts/million), although, as discussed below, this defect level corresponds to only a 4.5 sigma level. Motorola set a goal of "six sigma" for all of its manufacturing operations, and this goal became a by-word for the management and engineering practices used to achieve it.
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/DMAIC - Define, Measure, Analyze, Improve and Control
- The Cluetrain Manifesto - full original book
- Loomio - collaborative decision-making tool that makes it easy for anyone to participate in decisions which affect them.
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Talking_stick - also called a speaker's staff, talking piece, etc., is passed around from member to member allowing only the person holding the stick to speak. This enables all those present at a council meeting to be heard, especially those who may be shy; consensus can force the stick to move along to assure that the "long winded" don't dominate the discussion; and the person holding the stick may allow others to interject.
- YouTube: Stephen Covey on the Indian Talking Stick
- YouTube: How to Conduct Talking Circles - traditional
- YouTube: A Dakota Elder Remembers the Camp Circle. the Elders & Way of Life in the 1920's
- http://www.circleway.org/circleway.html - a leader in every chair
- guardian = facilitator in a way, watches time and mood
- YouTube: Components of The Circle Way: Part 1
- YouTube: Components of The Circle Way: Part 2
- YouTube: Components of The Circle Way: Part 3
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sociocracy - a system of governance that applies the principles and methods of sociology, cybernetics, and general management theory
- Sociocracy For All - a non-profit bringing sociocracy to the world. – Sociocracy community, training support, advocacy. We are approachable and peer-oriented. We are convinced that real-life skills are important for governing ourselves as equals. We are committed to affordability and integrity.
- Sociocracy 3.0 - Effective Collaboration At Any Scale. Driver for Creating Sociocracy 3.0: "In 2014 we came together to co-create a body of Creative Commons licensed learning resources, synthesizing ideas from Sociocracy, Agile and Lean. We discovered that organizations of all sizes need a flexible menu of practices and structures – appropriate for their specific context – that enable the evolution of a sociocratic and agile mindset to achieve greater effectiveness, alignment, fulfillment and wellbeing."
- GlassFrog - the official software to supportand advance your Holacracy practice.
"We have a board in Trello with the simple Backlog, In Progress, and Complete workflow. When someone comes up with anything tactical or strategic they can add it as an initiative to the backlog. The only perquisite is that the initiative must have a focused and achievable objective. The initiative can be moved into “In Progress” when 3 or more individuals volunteer to be full-time members of that initiative. The members have full authority, responsibility and accountability to fulfil the objective of that initiative. They assign an aspirational completion date for the initiative before moving it into “In Progress”. The date may change as the initiative progresses. The initiative will be blocked if the members drop below 3. We ask people to try and avoid taking on initiatives that they cannot dedicate time towards, so that blocked initiatives are kept to a minimum.
"A regular update regarding the progress of the initiative is provided to the rest of the company. Any decisions made by an Initiative Circle is communicated to the rest of the company via our usual communication channels. If anyone has strong objections, they will voice those directly with the members of the Initiative Circle. The circle is not expected to satisfy everyone in the company with regards to their decisions. However, all members within the circle must agree to the decisions made by that circle. No decision within the company is written in stone and may be modified by subsequent decisions. So in case people strongly disagree with the outcomes of an initiative, they are welcome to create a new initiative to replace existing policies and practices.
"We have integrated Initiative Circles Trello board with the Slack channel so that all updates are posted there automatically. Everyone is subscribed to this channel and can keep abreast of the progress of current Initiative Circles and proposal for new initiatives. If the objective of an initiative or it's completion date is changed then the rest of the company is notified via this channel."
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/TRIZ - is "a problem-solving, analysis and forecasting tool derived from the study of patterns of invention in the global patent literature". It was developed by the Soviet inventor and science fiction author Genrich Altshuller and his colleagues, beginning in 1946. In English the name is typically rendered as "the theory of inventive problem solving", and occasionally goes by the English acronym TIPS.
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/EXtreme_Manufacturing - an iterative and incremental development framework, inspired by Scrum and Kanban (かんばん(看板)?) that features principles of Modular Design, BDD and TDD. The name was coined in 2012 after Extreme Programming (XP) software development by Joe Justice, founder of Wikispeed, and Marcin Jakubowski, founder of Open Source Ecology. This framework, popularized by Joe Justice and J.J. Sutherland, has a rich history with origins that predate the early implementations of Agile software development and exemplify the Japanese Kaizen (改善?) culture.
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hoshin_Kanri - direction management (Japanese: 方針管理 Hepburn: hōshin kanri?)) is a method devised to capture and cement strategic goals as well as flashes of insight about the future and develop the means to bring these into reality. policy deployment, hoshin planning, or simply hoshin (as in "FY12 Hoshin"), it is a strategic planning/strategic management methodology based on a concept popularized in Japan in the late 1950s by Professor Yoji Akao. "Each person is the expert in his or her own job, and Japanese TQC [Total Quality Control] is designed to use the collective thinking power of all employees to make their organization the best in its field."
- System Design Cards - 2matoes - A deck of cards used to mock up a system for instruction, discussion, or design.
- http://blog.tallhamn.com/post/63665522838/running-a-halo-product-development-team 
- https://medium.com/graphicfacilitation/all-you-need-to-know-about-whiteboard-markers-2a25d1249911 
- Best Practical Solutions - The open-source enterprise gradeticketing system
- https://medium.com/personal-growth/to-do-lists-are-not-the-answer-to-getting-things-done-f38ff04c53d4 
- Taskfreak! Time Tracking - Taskfreak version is all about (and only about) planning tasks and keep track of time spent on them.
- Timetrap is a simple command line time tracker written in ruby. It provides an easy to use command line interface for tracking what you spend your time on.
- https://github.com/toggl/toggl-button - browser plugin for multiple time tracking services
can't start minimized?
- https://github.com/gisodal/cumodoro - TUI interface to the pomodoro technique using ncursus.
- https://github.com/Splode/pomotroid - Simple and visually-pleasing Pomodoro timer
- https://github.com/andrewikenberry/pomolectron - A pomodoro app for your menubar/tray.
- https://github.com/rfwatson/noprocrast - A Ruby gem to stop you procastinating. Noprocast automatically adds and removes items from your /etc/hosts, rendering addictive websites useless.
- https://github.com/feroc1ty/workmode - command line tool for blocking sites to be more productive
Calendar / CalDAV
See also WebDAV
- Baïkal - offers ubiquitous and synchronized access to your calendars and address books over CalDAV and CardDAV. Baïkal implements the current IETF recommendation drafts of these industry standards for centralized calendar and address book collections.
- sabre/dav - The open source CardDAV, CalDAV and WebDAV server.
- Xandikos - a lightweight yet complete CardDAV/CalDAV server that backs onto a Git repository.
- vdirsyncer - a command-line tool for synchronizing calendars and addressbooks between a variety of servers and the local filesystem. The most popular usecase is to synchronize a server with a local folder and use a set of other programs to change the local events and contacts. Vdirsyncer can then synchronize those changes back to the server.However, vdirsyncer is not limited to synchronizing between clients and servers. It can also be used to synchronize calendars and/or addressbooks between two servers directly.It aims to be for calendars and contacts what OfflineIMAP is for emails.
- khal - a standards based CLI (console) calendar program, able to synchronize with CalDAV servers through vdirsyncer.
- Todoman - a simple, standards-based, cli todo (aka: task) manager. Todos are stored into icalendar files, which means you can sync them via CalDAV using, for example, vdirsyncer.Todoman is now part of the pimutils project, and is hosted at GitHub.
- calcurse - a calendar and scheduling application for the command line. It helps keep track of events, appointments and everyday tasks. A configurable notification system reminds user of upcoming deadlines, the curses based interface can be customized to suit user needs and a very powerful set of command line options can be used to filter and format appointments, making it suitable for use in scripts.
- https://github.com/raboof/ical2site - Static site generator with ICalendar as source
- Remind - a sophisticated calendar and alarm program. It includes the following features: A sophisticated scripting language and intelligent handling of exceptions and holidays. Plain-text, PostScript and HTML output. Timed reminders and pop-up alarms. A friendly graphical front-end for people who don't want to learn the scripting language. Facilities for both the Gregorian and Hebrew calendars. Support for 12 different languages.
- https://github.com/sonejostudios/BookerDB - Open Source Show Management System, a tool to help musicians, artists and bookers with the organization of shows and everything around. BookerDB is based on a csv database, classified by dates. It is possible to add/delete entries and do a lot more of manipulations. It has a monitor to show all kind of filters around the database, like coming dates, played dates, statistics, contacts, etc... It can also export database entries into PDF (as info sheet with all important information) to take them as reminder on tour.
- x.ai - Our ridiculously efficient AI software solves the hassle of scheduling meetings and appointments.
- Doodle - The simple way to decide on dates, places & more. Compare availability to find the best time for everyone to meet.
- Dudle - an online scheduling application, like
- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BarCamp - an international network of user-generated conferences primarily focused around technology and the web. They are open, participatory workshop-events, the content of which is provided by participants. The first BarCamps focused on early-stage web applications, and were related to open source technologies, social software, and open data formats.
- frab - free and open conference management system - is a web-based conference planning and management system. It helps to collect submissions, to manage talks and speakers and to create a schedule.
- p2panda/design-document - a way to get together in self-organized festivals.A festival can be anything you want to plan with your friends, your circle, your collective, your commune – or people you have never met before: Give p2panda to your devices and create workshops, gatherings, initiatives, concerts or conferences using the computers and phones you already have – independent of any commercial infrastructure.
- media.ccc.de - p2panda - Festivals and events are organized by a small group of deciders. But what would Eris do? (chaos!) We will look at some of our experiences with decentralised festivals where every participant can truly participate, reflect on how they influence our way of discussing and producing art and technology and discuss p2panda, an idea of a p2p protocol for (self-)organising resources, places and events, which is based on the SSB protocol.This is a technical, artistic, theoretical reflection on how we use technology to run and experiment with decentralised festivals. VERANTWORTUNG 3000 (2016), HOFFNUNG 3000 (2017) and now p2panda are platforms and protocols to setup groups, festivals, gatherings, events or spaces in a decentralised, self-organised manner which allow us to raise questions on how we organise ourselves in our social, artistic & theoretical communities.
- GetTogether - an open source event manager for local communities.
- Don't be afraid to do a big purge. Your stuff is just that, stuff.
- Do the big purge all at once. "Ongoing" tidiness should simply be putting your stuff away, not constantly revisiting different parts of your home looking for stuff you can throw away.
- Look up "konmari folding" on YouTube for a new idea about how to fold and store your clothes. For those who are already fairly tidy, this is the only real "new" idea in the book that may interest you.
- Be affluent enough to have these problems in the first place. None of the advice is for people who are simply slobs, it's for people who have accumulated too much stuff and who feel it dragging down their life.