Typography

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See also Data#Encoding

Formats




PSF

  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PC_Screen_Font - a bitmap font format currently employed by the Linux kernel for console fonts. Documentation of the PSF file format can be found within the source code of the Linux Kernel.
  • NAFE - not a consolefont editor, but a toolset to translate psf format consolefonts into text files and text files into psf files. the advantage is that you can edit the font in the text file easily with any text editor (not provided by nafe)

BDF

  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Glyph_Bitmap_Distribution_Format - BDF, by Adobe is a file format for storing bitmap fonts. The content takes the form of a text file intended to be human- and computer-readable. BDF is typically used in Unix X Window environments. It has largely been replaced by the PCF font format which is somewhat more efficient, and by scalable fonts such as OpenType and TrueType fonts.

PCF

TrueType

OpenType

Basics

to resort


Articles

Video

Forum

Type




Antiqua

Serif

Baskerville

Sans-serif

Humanist

Heading

Slab serif

Monospace



  • Inconsolata is a monospace font, designed for code listings and the like, in print. First and foremost, Inconsolata is a humanist sans design. I strove for the clarity and clean lines of Adrian Frutiger's Avenir (the lowercase "a", in particular, pays homage to this wonderful design), but also looked to Morris Fuller Benton's Franklin Gothic family for guidance on some of my favorite glyphs, such as lowercase "g" and "S", and, most especially, the numerals. Designing a monospace font poses unique challenges. I have carefully studied many other monospaced fonts to see how they solve these problems. Many of the available monospace fonts are adaptations of existing proportionally-spaced fonts, but some, such as Letter Gothic, draw strength from being their own designs. I hope Inconsolata upholds that tradition.


Bitmap

  • Terminus Font is a clean, fixed width bitmap font, designed for long (8 and more hours per day) work with computers. Version 4.38 contains 879 characters, covers about 120 language sets and supports ISO8859-1/2/5/7/9/13/15/16, Paratype-PT154/PT254, KOI8-R/U/E/F, Esperanto, many IBM, Windows and Macintosh code pages, as well as the IBM VGA, vt100 and xterm pseudographic characters. The sizes present are 6x12, 8x14, 8x16, 10x18, 10x20, 11x22, 12x24, 14x28 and 16x32. The styles are normal and bold (except for 6x12), plus EGA/VGA-bold for 8x14 and 8x16.


  • Gohufont is a monospace bitmap font well suited for programming and terminal use. It is intended to be very legible and offers very discernable glyphs for all characters, including signs and symbols. The small 11 px version is perfect for laptops and netbooks as it enables to fit more text into their small screens. The 14 px is ideal for desktop screens where you sit farther away from it and the 11 px would be too small.
  • ProFont is a small bitmap font which is absolutely great for programming. It was made for Macintosh computers, but now it's also available for Windows and Linux/UNIX X Windows.
    • bold letters touch (or merge..)
  • proggy_fonts - Monospaced Bitmap Programming Fonts. Each font only comes in one size that it looks good at. The ttf fonts should also be used at their intended point size as they are basically conversions of the pixel based bitmap versions. The fonts were optimized while coding in C or C++... for this reason, characters like the '*' were placed vertically centered, as '*' usually means dereference or multiply, but never 'to the power of' like in Fortran.


  • Silkscreen is a four member type family for your Web graphics created by Jason Kottke. Silkscreen, with both Mac and Windows versions, is free for personal and corporate use. There is more information about Silkscreen, including terms of use, in the FAQ below.
  • MonteCarlo is a bitmap font suitable for code editors. All the characters have the same width, which is ideal for alignment. It is loosely derived from the look of the Monaco screen font that was available on the old MacOS systems. Some changes have been made to make it easier to differentiate certain symbols.
  • The M+ OUTLINE FONTS are distributed with proportional Latin (4 variations), fixed-halfwidth Latin (3 variations) and fixed-fullwidth Japanese (2 Kana variations) character set. 7 weights from Thin to Black are included, but fixed-halfwidth Latin with 5 weights from Thin to Bold.






  • http://pelulamu.net/unscii/ a set of bitmapped Unicode fonts based on classic system fonts. Unscii attempts to support character cell art well while also being suitable for terminal and programming use. [18]

Modernist/techno

Cursive

Arabic

Other


Emoji



to sort

Microsoft

Fonts

*nix

To install fonts system-wide (available for all users), move the folder to the /usr/share/fonts/ directory. To install fonts for only a single user, use ~/.fonts/ instead.

Then update the fontconfig font cache:

fc-cache -vf


Windows

Tools


  • font-manager - A font management application for the GNOME desktop

Web

Font stack

Ampersand

Repos and foundries

Places with lots of free (and other) fonts. To be categorised.

Large repos

foundry;

Smaller collections

Web fonts

@font-face {
  font-family: 'Font Name';
  src: url('library/fonts/font-name.eot');
  src: url('library/fonts/font-name.eot?#iefix') format('embedded-opentype'),
  url('library/fonts/font-name.woff') format('woff'),
  url('library/fonts/font-name.ttf') format('truetype'),
  url('library/fonts/font-name.svg#font-name') format('svg');
  font-weight: normal;
  font-style: normal;
}

License

Repos, etc.

Tools

  • Fontue is a Rack-based, open-source, web font server built for Kernest.com

Kerning

Webfont icons

See also Graphics#Icons

Guides

Sets

You should be using a generator tool or service to save on font file size for production.

  • GlyphSearch - Search for icons from Font Awesome, Glyphicons, IcoMoon, and Ionicons
  • Modern Pictograms is a typeface for interface designers and programmers. Designed in early 2011 for the Flatfile Wordpress theme, the pictograms stay sharp when used large or small. OpenType file for mockups or drop in the @font-face code into your CSS. Designed to work on web sites at sizes down to 18 pixels, but best at higher than 24 pixels.
  • iconmonstr - Free simple icons for your next project.
  • Meteocons is a set of weather icons, it containing 40+ icons available in PSD, CSH, EPS, SVG, Desktop font and Web font. All icon and updates are free and always will be.
  • Typicons are free-to-use vector icons embedded in a webfont kit for easy use in your UI, whether it be on the web or in a native application.
  • The Noun Project is building a global visual language that everyone can understand. We want to enable our users to visually communicate anything to anyone.
  • Batch - A lovingly designed and crafted suite of 300+ icons for web and user interface design. Each icon in the Batch PSD is a single shape layer, meaning they can be scaled up—or down—without loss of quality. The download includes the Batch PSD, SVGs (128x128) and PNGs (16x16, 32x32, 64x64).

$;

Tools

Generators

  • Fontello - icon fonts generator
  • IcoMoon - Crowse and select icons to download them or make a font. You can import SVG images or fonts

See also HTML/CSS#Buttons

Support

Crossbrowser

CSS

Examples

Responsive

vw, vh, vmin: ie and chrome, fallback with fittext.js

Units

Set p size first or use 100% for the usual browser default (16px).

font-size: 62.5%;
  set 1em equal to 10px

The em unit is relative to the font-size of the parent, which causes the compounding issue. The rem unit is relative to the root—or the html—element. That means that we can define a single font size on the html element and define all rem units to be a percentage of that.

Scale

  • traditional scale (6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 14, 16, 18, 21, 24, 36, 48, 60, 72)
  • Fibonacci sequence (e.g. 16 – 24 – 40 – 64 – 104)

copy font size

  • x1.5 line height
  • x27.8 line length

Kerning

Framework

Software

Management

Creating

  • FontForge - An outline font editor that lets you create your own postscript, truetype, opentype, cid-keyed, multi-master, cff, svg and bitmap (bdf, FON, NFNT) fonts, or edit existing ones. Also lets you convert one format to another.


Symbols

  • Umap - places unicode characters into the clipboard.


Smiley

See Smiley

ASCII

Testing