- Short-term decreased physical activity with increased sedentary behaviour causes metabolic derangements and altered body composition: effects in in... - PubMed - NCBI - 
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Performing_arts - art forms in which artists use their body, voice, or objects to convey artistic expression. Includes a variety of disciplines but all are intended to be performed in front of a live audience.
- http://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2015/06/08/412314701/lost-posture-why-indigenous-cultures-dont-have-back-pain - J shaped spine is less stressful than an S shaped spine
- https://github.com/keera-studios/keera-posture - Alleviate your back pain using Haskell and a webcam
- https://github.com/pyskell/slouchy - Slouchy uses your webcam to check if you're slouching and alert you if you are. This project is still in active development and not feature complete.
- https://github.com/mygrsun/keep-posture - This is a windows software developed with QT and OpenCV. You can use your laptop's camera to keep your sitting-posture.
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lying_(position) - also called recumbency or prostration, or decubitus in medicine (from the Latin verb decumbere ′to lie down′), is a type of human position in which the body is more or less horizontal and supported along its length by the surface underneath. Lying is the most common position while being immobilized, e.g. in bedrest while sleeping or being struck by injury or disease.
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sitting - a basic human resting position. The body weight is supported primarily by the buttocks in contact with the ground or a horizontal object such as a chair seat. The torso is more or less upright. Sitting for much of the day may pose significant health risks, and people who sit regularly for prolonged periods have higher mortality rates than those who do not.The form of kneeling where the thighs are near horizontal and the buttocks sit back on the heels, for example as in Seiza and Vajrasana (yoga), is also often interpreted as sitting.
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seat - a place to sit. The term may encompass additional features, such as back, armrest, head restraint but also headquarters in a wider sense.
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saddle_chair - uses the same principles in its design as an equestrian saddle. It is equipped with a chair base on casters and a gas cylinder for adjusting the correct sitting height. The casters enable moving around and reaching out for objects while sitting. Some saddle chairs have backrests, but most do not.Riding-like sitting on a saddle chair differs from sitting on a conventional chair. Saddle chair users sit 20–30 cm higher, which puts the hips and the knees into a 135° angle, compared to the 90° angle typically associated with sitting on a traditional chair. 
- The Atlantic: What Is the 'Asian Squat' and Why Can't Everyone Do It? - 
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Exercise - any bodily activity that enhances or maintains physical fitness and overall health and wellness. It is performed for various reasons, including increasing growth and development, preventing aging, strengthening muscles and the cardiovascular system, honing athletic skills, weight loss or maintenance, and also for enjoyment. Many individuals choose to exercise publicly outdoors where they can congregate in groups, socialize, and enhance well-being.
- Association of Cardiorespiratory Fitness With Long-term Mortality Among Adults Undergoing Exercise Treadmill Testing - 
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Isotonic_contraction - In an isotonic contraction, tension remains the same, whilst the muscle's length changes. Isotonic contractions differ from isokinetic contractions in that in isokinetic contractions the muscle speed remains constant. While superficially identical, as the muscle's force changes via the length-tension relationship during a contraction, an isotonic contraction will keep force constant while velocity changes, but an isokinetic contraction will keep velocity constant while force changes. A near isotonic contraction is known as Auxotonic contraction. There are two types of isotonic contractions: (1) concentric and (2) eccentric. In a concentric contraction, the muscle tension rises to meet the resistance, then remains the same as the muscle shortens. In eccentric, the muscle lengthens due to the resistance being greater than the force the muscle is producing.
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stretching - a form of physical exercise in which a specific muscle or tendon (or muscle group) is deliberately flexed or stretched in order to improve the muscle's felt elasticity and achieve comfortable muscle tone. The result is a feeling of increased muscle control, flexibility, and range of motion. Stretching is also used therapeutically to alleviate cramps.
In its most basic form, stretching is a natural and instinctive activity; it is performed by humans and many other animals. It can be accompanied by yawning. Stretching often occurs instinctively after waking from sleep, after long periods of inactivity, or after exiting confined spaces and areas.
Increasing flexibility through stretching is one of the basic tenets of physical fitness. It is common for athletes to stretch before (for warming up) and after exercise in an attempt to reduce risk of injury and increase performance, though these practices are not always based on scientific evidence of effectiveness.
Stretching can be dangerous when performed incorrectly. There are many techniques for stretching in general, but depending on which muscle group is being stretched, some techniques may be ineffective or detrimental, even to the point of causing hypermobility, instability, or permanent damage to the tendons, ligaments, and muscle fiber. The physiological nature of stretching and theories about the effect of various techniques are therefore subject to heavy inquiry.
- Static stretching - stretch the muscle until a gentle tension is felt and then holds the stretch for thirty seconds or until a muscle release is felt, without any movement or bouncing. Although static stretching is part of some warm-up routines, a study in 2013 indicated that it weakens muscles. For this reason, dynamic stretching is recommended before exercise in place of static stretching, while the latter helps to reduce muscle soreness afterwards. Only to be done after significant a warm-up. Avoid before sports. Least beneficial, except for contortionists.
- Passive stretching - form of static stretching in which an external force exerts upon the limb to move it into the new position. This is in contrast to active stretching. Passive stretching resistance is normally achieved through the force of gravity on the limb or on the body weighing down on it. It can also be achieved with the help of a partner, stretch bands, or mechanical devices. The more force exerted on the limb, the less time it will take to drop lower into the stretch.
- Ballistic stretching - a rapid bouncing stretch in which a body part is moving with momentum that stretches the muscles to a maximum. Muscles respond to this type of stretching by contracting to protect itself from over extending. Can lead to injury, only recommended for gymnasts and dancers.
- Dynamic stretching - walking or movement stretch. By performing slow controlled movements through full range of motion, a person reduces risk of injury. Warms the body, increases flexibility, stamina.
- Proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) - stretch for a particular muscle and its specific job, so resistance should be applied, then the muscle should be relaxed. Contraction during stretch - stretch to tension, contract, stretch further. Most beneficial stretch. Needs partner of resistance band.
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Active_stretching - eliminates force and its adverse effects from stretching procedures. Active stretching stimulates and prepares muscles for use during exercise. Active stretches not only stretches the muscles and tissues, but prepares the muscles for the action by activating and warming them up.
- YouTube: PNF
- YouTube: FASTER Flexibility - PNF Stretching
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stretch_reflex - myotatic reflex, is a muscle contraction in response to stretching within the muscle. It is a monosynaptic reflex which provides automatic regulation of skeletal muscle length. When a muscle lengthens, the muscle spindle is stretched and its nerve activity increases. This increases alpha motor neuron activity, causing the muscle fibers to contract and thus resist the stretching. A secondary set of neurons also causes the opposing muscle to relax. The reflex functions to maintain the muscle at a constant length.
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Autogenic_inhibition_reflex - a sudden relaxation of muscle upon development of high tension. It is a self-induced, inhibitory, negative feedback lengthening reaction that protects against muscle tear. Golgi tendon organs are receptors for the reflex. Autogenic inhibition (historically known as the inverse myotatic reflex or autogenetic inhibition) refers to a reduction in excitability of a contracting or stretched muscle, that in the past has been solely attributed to the increased inhibitory input arising from Golgi tendon organs (GTOs) within the same muscle. The reduced efferent (motor) drive to the muscle by way of autogenic inhibition is a factor believed to assist target muscle elongation.
- Stretching and Flexibility - Introduction - This document is a modest attempt to compile a wealth of information in order to answer some frequently asked questions about stretching and flexibility. It is organized into chapters covering the following topics: Physiology of Stretching, Flexibility, Types of Stretching, How to Stretch
- phraktured.net: Starting Stretching - Many people want to improve overall flexibility, but do not know where to begin. This guide should serve as a general jumping-off point for beginners. If you wish you could move your limbs a little bit more, or bend just a few extra inches, this program should help
- phraktured.net: Molding Mobility - Mobility and flexibility go hand in hand, but mobility is more about movement quality. This program is intended for beginners looking to do one of two things: increase general range of motion in your movements, and/or help fix all the creaks, aches, and pops of age and bodily disuse
- Exercise Library - Exercises for all the Muscles of the Body - compiled by and maintained by various Personal Trainers in Vancouver. How to use the exercise library: 1 - Use the muscular anatomy figures above to identify the muscle group you want to target. 2 - Click on the muscle to see a description and list of exercises for that muscle group. 3 - From the list of exercises displayed, click on an exercise to see an example of proper form and execution.
- YouTube: Align Your Spine - Dr. Max demonstrates the two exercises used to align the spine.
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Calisthenics - exercises consisting of a variety of gross motor movements; often rhythmical and generally without equipment or apparatus. They are, in essence, body-weight training. They are intended to increase body strength, body fitness, and flexibility, through movements such as pulling or pushing oneself up, bending, jumping, or swinging, using only one's body weight for resistance; usually conducted in concert with stretches. When performed vigorously and with variety, calisthenics can provide the benefits of muscular and aerobic conditioning, in addition to improving psychomotor skills such as balance, agility and coordination.
Urban Calisthenics is a form of street workout, calisthenics groups perform exercise routines in urban areas. Individuals and groups train to be able to perform advanced calisthenics skills such as muscle ups, bars spins and both front and back levers. Sports teams and military units often perform leader-directed group calisthenics as a form of synchronized physical training (often including a customized "call and response" routine) to increase group cohesion and discipline. Calisthenics are also popular as a component of physical education in primary and secondary schools over much of the globe.
- Extremely Short–Duration High-Intensity Training Substantially Improves the Physical Function and Self-Reported Health Status of Elderly Adults
- BBC: Six seconds of exercise 'can transform health'
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fartlek - "speed play" in Swedish, is a training method that blends continuous training with interval training
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Strength_training - specializing in the use of resistance to induce muscular contraction which builds the strength, anaerobic endurance, and size of skeletal muscles.
- DAREBEE - A non-profit free, ad-free and product placement free global fitness resource.
Routine of some length for just before a bath or shower, make a habit, look to move up the numbers, add one or two other types into and around the mix.
- 30 push-ups or more
- 30 sit-ups
Cycles like alternating between these, times weekly
- 5(Squat+Calf Raises+Chinups) + 5(Bench+Plank) + 5(Rows+Side Plank)
- 5(Squat+Calf Raises+Chinups) + 5(OHP+Plank) + 1(Deadlift)
- 100 No-Equipment Workouts - free pdf
- Tabata Protocol - 8 minute high-intensity workout
- 7Min - A 7 Minute Workout Timer
- PDF: Navy Physical Training Series – Contraindicated / Inefficient Exercise Section - a tool designed to assist Navy health and fitness professionals in providing safe and effective physical conditioning instruction to Sailors.
- YouTube: 44 Best Bodyweight Exercises Ever - Tee Major Fitness
- YouTube: 44 Best Bodyweight Exercises Ever - Leigh Lowery
- YouTube: Dragon Flag Tutorial by Antranik
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Myofascial_release - an alternative medicine therapy that claims to treat skeletal muscle immobility and pain by relaxing contracted muscles, improving blood and lymphatic circulation, and stimulating the stretch reflex in muscles. Fascia is a thin, tough, elastic type of connective tissue that wraps most structures within the human body, including muscle. Fascia supports and protects these structures. Osteopathic theory proposes that this soft tissue can become restricted due to psychogenic disease, overuse, trauma, infectious agents, or inactivity, often resulting in pain, muscle tension, and corresponding diminished blood flow.
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fascia_training - describes sports activities and movement exercises that attempt to improve the functional properties of the muscular connective tissues in the human body, such as tendons, ligaments, joint capsules and muscular envelopes. Also called fascia, these tissues take part in a body-wide tensional force transmission network and are responsive to training stimulation.
See also Being#Somatic psychology
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bodywork_(alternative_medicine) - a term used in alternative medicine to describe any therapeutic or personal development technique that involves working with the human body in a form involving manipulative therapy, breath work, or energy medicine. In addition bodywork techniques aim to assess or improve posture, promote awareness of the "bodymind connection" rather than the "mind-body connection", or to manipulate a putative "energy field" surrounding the human body and affecting health. Some of the best known forms of non-touch bodywork methods include: reiki, yoga, pranayama, as well as other non-touch methods: breathwork respiration techniques, therapeutic touch, Bates method for sight training, qigong, and t'ai chi. The better known forms of manipulative bodywork include Alexander technique, applied kinesiology, bioenergetics, Bowen technique, chiropractic, Feldenkrais method, hakomi, postural integration, reflexology, Rolfing, shiatsu, structural integration, somatic experiencing, Trager approach, polarity therapy and re-balancing.
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kinesiology - also known as human kinetics, is the scientific study of human movement. Kinesiology addresses physiological, mechanical, and psychological mechanisms. Applications of kinesiology to human health include: biomechanics and orthopedics; strength and conditioning; sport psychology; methods of rehabilitation, such as physical and occupational therapy; and sport and exercise.
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eurythmy - an expressive movement art originated by Rudolf Steiner in conjunction with Marie von Sivers in the early 20th century. Primarily a performance art, it is also used in education, especially in Waldorf schools, and – as part of anthroposophic medicine – for claimed therapeutic purposes. The word eurythmy stems from Greek roots meaning beautiful or harmonious rhythm.
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ideokinesis - an approach to the improvement of human posture and body movement, in which visual and tactile-kinesthetic imagery guide the student toward healthier form.
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Feldenkrais_Method - Feldenkrais taught that increasing a person's kinesthetic and proprioceptive self-awareness of functional movement could lead to increased function, reduced pain, and greater ease and pleasure of movement. The Feldenkrais Method, like the Alexander Technique, is therefore a movement pedagogy as opposed to a manipulative therapy. The Method is experiential, providing tools for self-observation through movement enquiry.
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pulsing_(bodywork) - a rhythmic, movement-based somatic therapy that can be classed as a form of post-Reichian bodywork. It uses a very gentle and nurturing approach to increase body awareness and sensitivity and to connect to the body's natural rhythms, involving the application of pressure and movement (stretching, lifting, shaking, rotating and swinging) to the soft tissue of the body (skin, muscles, tendons, ligaments and fascia) within a continuous soft rhythmic rocking. The client is encouraged to be passive - in the sense of not trying to do anything, but allowing the body to relax into the movements. This in itself quickly highlights areas of muscular tension and holding.
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Watsu - aquatic
- Cortical Field Reeducation is a system of healing through learning that increases attention and heightens perception through slow, small, non-habitual movement.
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alexander_technique - Named after Frederick Matthias Alexander, teaches people how to stop using unnecessary levels of muscular and mental tension during their everyday activities. It is an educational process rather than a relaxation technique or form of exercise. Most other methods take it for granted that 'one's awareness of oneself' is accurate, whereas Alexander realized that a person who had been using himself wrongly for a long time could not trust his feelings (sensory appreciation) in carrying out any activity. Helps people unlearn maladaptive physical habits and return to a balanced state of rest and poise in which the body is well-aligned. As freedom of expression or movement is the objective, the most appropriate responses cannot be anticipated, but are observed and chosen in the moment.
Direction is composed of four concepts of good use;
- To let the neck be free, to let the head be forward and up, away from the top of the spine
- To allow the torso to lengthen and fan into width
- To allow the legs to release away from the hip joint
- To allow the shoulders to release away to the side and float on the rib cage
- http://bodylearningcast.com/ - A podcast devoted to all aspects of the Alexander Technique
- YouTube: Planet Dance
See 5Rhythms, etc.
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Movement_Medicine - 5Rhythms influnced
- Dance training is superior to repetitive physical exercise in inducing brain plasticity in the elderly -
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Free_dance - 20th-century dance form that preceded modern dance. Rebelling against the rigid constraints of classical ballet, Loie Fuller, Isadora Duncan and Ruth St. Denis (with her work in theater) developed their own styles of free dance and laid the foundations of American modern dance with their choreography and teaching. In Europe it led to the development of European modern and Expressionist dance.
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tanztheater - grew out of German expressionist dance in Weimar Germany and 1920s Vienna
- Thought of You - by Ryan Woodward - animation
- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Butoh - dance theatre, arose in 1959
Street / vernacular
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jacking - house music
- This Is TUTTING
- TUTTING AMERICA | Best Tutting Dance Ever | ON DUBSTEP MUSIC
- Unleash Your Fingers Tutting Dance Effects
- Feminine Fingers | Dytto | Finger Tutting
- Liquid Rush - Researchers Dance - Liquid / Digits / Waving / Popping / Animation / Tutting / Gliding / Shuffling / Tecktonik (Electro-Dance)
- YouTube: 2012 West Coast Contact Improvisation Jam Video Lab - 8:18
- YouTube: Contact Improvisation: Blake Nellis & Brando @ Earthdance - 6:29
- YouTube: Sophie & Itay Yatuv (Contact Improvisation Festival: Ibiza) - 3:41
- YouTube: what is contact improvisation? - 9:16
- YouTube: Contact Improvisation, Goa Contact Festival, India - 31:43
- YouTube: how to enter a jam? - contact improvisation
- YouTube: the point of contact - contact improvisation
- YouTube: lifting - contact improvisation
- YouTube: Core Connection / Sharing Balance in Contact Improv - 4:57
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/5Rhythms - a movement meditation practice devised by Gabrielle Roth in the late 1970s. It draws from indigenous and world traditions using tenets of shamanistic, ecstatic, mystical and eastern philosophy. It also draws from Gestalt therapy, the human potential movement and transpersonal psychology. The practice of the five rhythms is said by Gabrielle Roth to put the body in motion in order to still the mind. Fundamental to the practice is the idea that everything is energy, and moves in waves, patterns and rhythms. The five rhythms (in order) are flowing, staccato, chaos, lyrical, and stillness. The five rhythms, when danced in sequence, are known as a "Wave." A typical Wave takes about an hour to dance.
- http://www.5rhythmsmove2bestill.com/ - Edinburgh based
- http://www.dancesweetfreedom.co.uk/ - Glasgow based
- http://dancelive.org.uk/ - scottish contemporary
- https://github.com/YCAMInterlab/RAMDanceToolkit - a C++ creative coding toolkit to create environments for dancers. This toolkit contains a GUI and functions to access, recognize, and process motion data to support creation of various environmental conditions (called “scene”) and gives realtime feedbacks to dancers using code in an easy way. Toolkit uses openFrameworks, a software development toolkit for artists, which means users can use functions from both RAM Dance Toolkit and openFrameworks. RAM Dance Toolkit will also be published as an application for Windows and Mac. As an application, users also can choreograph or rehearse with previously programmed scenes.
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neijia - "internal school") is a term in Chinese martial arts, grouping those styles that practice nèijìng (Chinese: 內勁; literally: "internal strength"), usually translated as internal martial arts, occupied with spiritual, mental or qi-related aspects, as opposed to an "external" (Chinese: 外; pinyin: wài) approach focused on physiological aspects.
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neijing - refers to the conscious control of the practitioner's qi, or "life energy", to gain advantages in combat.
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neigong - refers to any of a set of Chinese breathing, meditation and spiritual practice disciplines associated with Daoism and especially the Chinese martial arts
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Qigong - a practice of aligning body, breath, and mind for health, meditation, and martial arts training. With roots in Chinese medicine, philosophy, and martial arts, qigong is traditionally viewed as a practice to cultivate and balance qi (chi) or what has been translated as "life energy".
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/T'ai_chi_ch'uan - Tai chi
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baguazhang - an internal practice (or neijia gong)
- Ba Gua Circle Walking with Taoist Priest in Wudang Mountain
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xing_Yi_Quan - translates approximately to "Form-Intention Fist", or "Shape-Will Fist", characterized by aggressive, seemingly linear movements and explosive power that's most often applied from a short range
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Capoeira - Brazilian martial art that combines elements of dance, acrobatics and music, and is sometimes referred to as a game
- http://www.reddit.com/r/poi/ - see sidebar for related
- Beginner Poi Spinning Tutorial: Forward 3-Beat Weave
- Beginner Poi Spinning Tutorial: Backwards 3-Beat Weave
- Poi Transitions: Turning with the 3-Beat Weaves
- Poi Dancing Tutorial: 5-beat weaves and related theory (Intermediate)
- Teaching the 5-Beat Weave (poi spinning tutorial)
- Poi Lesson: Loving the 5-Beat Weave
- Poi Spinning Lesson: 4-Beat TTN and Butterfly Weaves (Advanced)
- Poi Dancing Lesson: How to do Crossers (Intermediate)
- Poi Dancing Tutorial: How to Learn Isolations (Intermediate)
- Poi Spinning Tutorial: How to Learn Hyperloops
- Poi Spinning Lesson: Rhythm with Weeves
- Poi rhythm theory: Why only counting down swings will confuse you
- http://www.oddballs.co.uk/ - recommended by jay
- YouTube: Mufasa's Rope Dart Lessons
- Rope Dart Tutorial One: Elbows.
- Rope Dart Tutorial 2: My favorite neck wrap.
- Rope Dart Tutorial: Feet and Leg Tricks
- Rope Dart Techniques Part 1 - Elbow Shoots
- Rope Dart Techniques Part 2 - Knee and Foot Shoots
- Rope Dart Techniques Part 3 - Body Wrap Shoot
- Rope Dart Techniques Part 4 - Leg Wraps and Shoots
- The New Yorker Video: Watch Annals of Ideas | The Tricks of a Master Pickpocket
See also Games#Real life group
Walk & Exaggerate
- Lines of 5(/4)
- Lines walk around separately
- First person walks normally, relaxed
- Second person watches and copies with exaggeration
- Observes legs, hips, arms, hands, neck, gait, tensions, fluidity
- Third does this for second person, and so on
- Minute later, first goes to back with eevryone else keeping their motions
- Person now on the end exaggerates again
- 20/30 seconds later, all reset and exercise is repeated
- Focused walking with emotions called out
- Participants embody the emotions
- Coach says main emotion with related feelings for options
- Option to turn up emotion level a notch
- Interactions between two/three participants when meeting
- happy / gleeful / ecstatic
- sad / sorrow / depression
- afraid / fear /
- awe / intrigued /
- lustful / sexy
- angry /
- strong / dominating
- silly / immature / cheeky
- happy again
Also options to increase;
- size - wider or narrower, higher or lower, deeper or shallower
- time - slow or fast
- weight - light or heavy
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Theatre_practitioner - someone who both creates theatrical performances and who produces a theoretical discourse that informs his or her practical work.
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Commedia_dell'arte - form of theatre characterized by masked 'types'
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Augusto_Boal - 'Games For Actors and Non-Actors', elements used by BFS groups
- A Larp Dictionary - taken from the 2003 Knudepunkt book "As Larp Grows Up". It is a dictionary of terms used in Scandanavian larp, compiled by Petter Bøckman.
- PDF: Facilitating emotion management: organisational and individual strategies in the theatre - Stina Bergman Blix