Open social

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Things and Stuff Wiki - an organically evolving knowledge base personal wiki with a totally on-the-fly taxonomy containing topic outlines, descriptions and breadcrumbs, with links to sites, systems, software, manuals, organisations, people, articles, guides, slides, papers, books, comments, screencasts, webcasts, scratchpads and more. use the Table of Contents for navigation on longer pages. probably not that mobile friendly atm. see About for further information. / et / em

to iron out order, etc.

See also Sharing, Open data Semantic web, Chat, Network#Mesh


Movements and initatives

and communities

  • - a global nonprofit consortium that works on the development, convergence, and adoption of standards for security, Internet of Things, energy, content technologies, emergency management, and other areas. OASIS was founded under the name "SGML Open" in 1993. It began as a trade association of SGML tool vendors to cooperatively promote the adoption of the Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML) through mainly educational activities, though some amount of technical activity was also pursued including an update of the CALS Table Model specification and specifications for fragment interchange and entity management.





  • OpenSocial is the industry's leading and most mature standards-based component model for cloud based social apps.
    • Wikipedia:OpenSocial is a public specification that defines a component hosting environment (container) and a set of common application programming interfaces (APIs) for web-based applications. Initially it was designed for social network applications and was developed by Google along with MySpace and a number of other social networks. In more recent times it has become adopted as a general use runtime environment for allowing untrusted and partially trusted components from third parties to run in an existing web application. The OpenSocial Foundation has also moved to integrate or support numerous other open web technologies. This includes Oauth and OAuth 2.0, Activity Streams, and portable contacts, among others.


November 2007

"There are numerous open standards that are considered to advance the vision, such as RDF, RDFa, microformats, APML, FOAF, OAuth, OpenID, OPML, RSS, SIOC, the XHTML Friends Network (XFN), XRI, and XDI."


December 2007

  • DiSo Project (dee • soh) is an initiative to facilitate the creation of open, non-proprietary and interoperable building blocks for the decentralized social web. Silo free living. Social networks are becoming more open, more interconnected, and more distributed. Many of us in the web creation world are embracing and promoting web standards — both client-side and server-side. Microformats, standard APIs, and open-source software are key building blocks of these technologies. This model can be described as having three sides: Information, Identity, and Interaction. Our first target is WordPress, bootstrapping on existing work and building out from there.

OStatus / StatusNet / Fediverse

via, 2008

august 2010

aug 2013; @tantek | previous efforts at directly designing decentralized protocols (without selfdogfood) always result in overly complex protocols that not enough people can implement. e.g. Salmon

now part of GNU Social



Federated Social Web

2010, 2012



Drupal related

misc. old



2012, succeeds OStatus / StatusNet

a general-purpose Activity Streams engine. It diverges from OStatus in a few other respects, of course, such as sending activity messages as JSON rather than as Atom, and by defining a simple REST inbox API instead of using PubSubHubbub and Salmon to push messages to other servers. also uses a new database abstraction layer called Databank, which has drivers for a variety of NoSQL databases, but supports real relational databases, too. StatusNet, in contrast, was bound closely to MySQL. But, in the end, the important thing is the feature set; a instance can generate a microblogging feed, an image stream, or essentially any other type of feed. Activity Streams defines actions (which are called "verbs") that handle common social networking interaction; merely sends and receives them.




  • Tent is the protocol for decentralized communication. Tent uses HTTPS and JSON to transport posts between servers and apps.
    • Tent - use data and posts across your apps and send and receive posts from friends. Right now, most people use Tent to share short 256 character long status posts with friends. Many independent developers are building other apps that use the Tent protocol.


indieauth,, RSSB, etc.

  • ActivityPush - A lightweight method for URI addressable resources to be automatically notified about remote (off-site) activites on them. A crypto-free alternative to the Salmon Protocol for public activites.



  • - Solid (derived from "social linked data") is a proposed set of conventions and tools for building decentralized Web applications based on Linked Data principles. Solid is modular and extensible. It relies as much as possible on existing W3C standards and protocols. [3]


See also Semantic web



  • hAtom – for marking up Atom feeds from within standard HTML
  • hCalendar – for events
  • hCard – for contact information; includes:
  • adr – for postal addresses
  • geo – for geographical coordinates (latitude, longitude)
  • hMedia - for audio/video content
  • hNews - for news content
  • hProduct – for products
  • hRecipe - for recipes and foodstuffs.
  • hResume – for resumes or CVs
  • hReview – for reviews
  • rel-directory – for distributed directory creation and inclusion
  • rel-enclosure – for multimedia attachments to web pages
  • rel-license – specification of copyright license
  • rel-nofollow, an attempt to discourage third-party content spam (e.g. spam in blogs)
  • rel-tag – for decentralized tagging (Folksonomy)
  • xFolk – for tagged links
  • XHTML Friends Network (XFN) – for social relationships
  • XOXO – for lists and outlines



See open data#rdfa



  • Sitemaps are an easy way for webmasters to inform search engines about pages on their sites that are available for crawling. In its simplest form, a Sitemap is an XML file that lists URLs for a site along with additional metadata about each URL (when it was last updated, how often it usually changes, and how important it is, relative to other URLs in the site) so that search engines can more intelligently crawl the site.





Open Graph Protocol



  • provides a collection of schemas, i.e., html tags, that webmasters can use to markup their pages in ways recognized by major search providers. Search engines including Bing, Google, Yahoo! and Yandex rely on this markup to improve the display of search results, making it easier for people to find the right web pages.

Twitter Cards


  • Twitter Cards make it possible for you to attach media experiences to Tweets that link to your content. Simply add a few lines of HTML to your webpages, and users who Tweet links to your content will have a "card" added to the Tweet that’s visible to all of their followers.

Web Credits


See also Communication#Identity



  • OpenID is an open standard that allows users to be authenticated by certain co-operating sites (known as Relying Parties or RP) using a third party service, eliminating the need for webmasters to provide their own ad hoc systems and allowing users to consolidate their digital identities.


OAuth - 2006-2010, OAuth 2 - 2012

OAuth began in November 2006 when Blaine Cook was developing the Twitter OpenID implementation. Meanwhile, Ma.gnolia needed a solution to allow its members with OpenIDs to authorize Dashboard Widgets to access their service. Cook, Chris Messina and Larry Halff from Ma.gnolia met with David Recordon to discuss using OpenID with the Twitter and Ma.gnolia APIs to delegate authentication. They concluded that there were no open standards for API access delegation.

The OAuth discussion group was created in April 2007, for the small group of implementers to write the draft proposal for an open protocol. DeWitt Clinton from Google learned of the OAuth project, and expressed his interest in supporting the effort. In July 2007 the team drafted an initial specification. Eran Hammer joined and coordinated the many OAuth contributions, creating a more formal specification. On October 3, 2007, the OAuth Core 1.0 final draft was released.

Because OAuth 2.0 is more like a framework rather than a defined protocol, any OAuth 2.0 implementation is unlikely to naturally be interoperable with any other OAuth 2.0 implementation. Further deployment profiling and specification is required for any interoperability.

OpenID Connect




BrowserID / Persona


  • EyeDee.Me - EyeDee.Me is an example Indentity Provider for the BrowserID protocol. This protocol is used by Mozilla Persona to authenticate users across the web. EyeDee.Me styles itself like an email provider, but does not actually handle any email. Rather, it exists solely as an example for how services, such as email providers, can provide first-class support for BrowserID.
  • BigTent - A ProxyIdP service for bridging major IdPs who lack support for the BrowserID protocol.
  • - A Mozilla Persona Identity Provider (IdP) Linter
  • 123done - your tasks - simplified. test login.



  • IndieAuth is a way to use your own domain name to sign in to websites. It's like OpenID, but simpler! It works by linking your website to one or more authentication providers such as Twitter or Google, then entering your domain name in the login form on websites that support IndieAuth.

url, not uri. costs a domain, digital divide..


  • GRC: SQRL - Secure (QR) Login. Proposing a comprehensive, easy-to-use, high security replacement for usernames, passwords, reminders, one-time-code authenticators and everything else.


  • WebAuth - A Plugin Replacement for HTTPS CCA

BitShares Login


  • Universal 2nd Factor - open ecosystem documents, an initiative started by Google. The intent is to enable Internet users to carry a non-phishable strong 2 factor device which the user can register at any supporting site to get strong authentication security. The goal is to get many internet services accepting these devices as an option for 2nd Factor, get the key client platforms (browsers, OSes) to have built in support for these open-protocol devices and a large number of vendors making protocol compliant devices.


  • gpgAuth is an authentication mechanism which uses Public/Private (cryptographic) keys (such as GnuPG, PGP) to authenticate users to a web-page or service. The process works by the two-way exchange of Encrypted/Signed tokens between a user and the service. gpgAuth is a generic authentication protocol that is not specific to any technology, platform or provider type. Being a versitile authentication mechansim, there are many hardware/software options available - in the projects section you will find information regarding various gpgAuth client and server implementations or tools.

Login with SSH

  • Login with SSH - a simple experiment to authenticate web sessions with SSH. Doing so gives you a fully decentralized, passwordless authentication for free. A custom SSH server listens for connections. Instead of providing a shell or any other service, it only validates the public key you offer. Then, a callback is made to a web application with a payload containing the validated public key along with the login token used. In practise, you would have first hit a "login with SSH button" on the web app. It would have generated a session that resolves into a valid one with a callback handing the proper key / token combination.[11]



XRD: Extensible Resource Descriptor 
XRDS: Extensible Resource Descriptor Sequence

The XML format used by XRDS was originally developed in 2004 by the OASIS XRI (extensible resource identifier) Technical Committee as the resolution format for XRIs. The acronym XRDS was coined during subsequent discussions between XRI TC members and OpenID developers at first Internet Identity Workshop held in Berkeley, CA in October 2005. The protocol for discovering an XRDS document from a URL was formalized as the Yadis specification published by in March 2006. Yadis became the service discovery format for OpenID 1.1.

A common discovery service for both URLs and XRIs proved so useful that in November 2007 the XRI Resolution 2.0 specification formally added the URL-based method of XRDS discovery (Section 6). This format and discovery protocol subsequently became part of OpenID Authentication 2.0. In early 2008, work on OAuth discovery by Eran Hammer-Lahav led to the development of XRDS Simple, a profile of XRDS that restricts it to the most basic elements and introduces some extensions to support OAuth discovery and other protocols that use specific HTTP methods. In late 2008, XRDS Simple has been cancelled and merged back into the main XRDS specification resulting in the upcoming XRD 1.0 format.




  • Simple Web Discovery (SWD) defines an HTTPS GET based mechanism to discover the location of a given type of service for a given principal starting only with a domain name.

Web Linking


  • WebFist uses DKIM-signed email to prove that you, the user, want to participate in WebFinger, regardless of what your provider says. By sending a single email you can delegate your WebFinger profile to your own website host or anything that can serve the service document over HTTP (e.g., Google Drive). This is ridiculously easy for users. You can even set up WebFist via a mailto link on a webpage. To accomplish decentralization, WebFist servers take delegation emails, encrypt them into blobs, and distribute the blobs safely across a pool of peer servers. These servers synchronize with a "fist bump", transferring just encrypted blobs without secret keys. This makes it near impossible to enumerate every email address in WebFist.

JSON Resource Descriptor

  • JSON Resource Descriptor (JRD) is a simple JSON object that describes a "resource" on the Internet, where a "resource" is any entity on the Internet that is identified via a URI or IRI. For example, a person's account URI (e.g., is a resource. So are all web URIs (e.g., The JSON Resource Descriptor, originally introduced in RFC 6415 and based on the Extensible Resource Descriptor (XRD) format, was adopted for use in the WebFinger protocol, though its use is not restricted to WebFinger or RFC 6415.
  • JRD, the Other Resource Descriptor - May 24th 2010
  • RFC6415: Web Host Metadata

Also used in OpenID Connect.

Web Intents

  • Web Intents is a framework for client-side service discovery and inter-application communication. Services register their intention to be able to handle an action on the user's behalf. Applications request to start an Action of a certain verb (share, edit, view, pick etc.) and the system will find the appropriate Services for the user to use based on the user's preference. Web Intents puts the user in control of service integrations and makes the developer's life simple.


  • UserAddress is a search engine that can discover users as long as they are discoverable through one of the following languages: xrd (e.g. Webfinger including StatusNet, Google+, Friendica, Diaspora), rdf (e.g. Foaf), html (e.g. Tantek, Melvin), turtle (e.g. Facebook), Twitter-flavoured json (Twitter), Planned: xmpp-vcard (e.g. BuddyCloud)




  • hCard is a microformat that allows a vCard to be embedded inside an HTML page. It makes use of CSS class names to identify each vCard property. Normal HTML markup and CSS styling can be used alongside the hCard class names without affecting the webpage's ability to be parsed by a hCard parser.



Feeds / Activity


Atom / APP


Web aggregation

  • Tiny Tiny RSS is an open source web-based news feed (RSS/Atom) reader and aggregator, designed to allow you to read news from any location, while feeling as close to a real desktop application as possible.
  • - open source suite of software applications for social bookmarking and collecting online news content for use on the web. Multiple web front-ends exist based on Django (through Google AppEngine), Rails, and J2EE. Users and remote agents are allowed to submit interesting articles. There are additional remote agent libraries for back-end text mining operations. The system is broken up by the back-end specification and front-end specification.
  • PubwichFork - An open-source PHP web application that allows you to aggregate published data from multiple websites and social services into a single HTML page.
  • Bookie - Python based replacement
  • Shaarli is a minimalist delicious clone you can install on your own website. It is designed to be personal (single-user), fast and handy.
  • River2 is a River of News feed reader with lots of features.





  • OPML an XML-based format that allows exchange of outline-structured information between applications running on different operating systems and environments.
  • OPML Editor is an outliner, an editor that works with chunks of text that slide around on rails. You can control the level of detail you look at, and reorganize according to structure. It's great for writing blog posts, technical notes, program code, legal briefs, product plans, to-do lists, entire websites, anything where ideas need organization.

Activity Streams


  • - Social server with an ActivityStreams API






Formerly PubsubHubBub

  • PubSubHubbub (PuSH) - A simple, open, server-to-server webhook-based pubsub (publish/subscribe) protocol for any web accessible resources.




via webhooks






Semantic Trackback



Semantic Pingback



  • is an open-source project and hosted service for receiving webmentions and pingbacks on behalf of your indieweb site.




  • Salmon Protocol is a message exchange protocol running over HTTP designed to decentralize commentary and annotations made against newsfeed articles such as blog posts. It allows a single discussion thread to be established between the article's origin and any feed reader or "aggregator" which is subscribing to the content. Put simply, that if an article appeared on 3 sites A (the source), B and C (the aggregates), that members of all 3 sites could see and contribute to a single thread of conversation regardless of site they were viewing from.





Atom Publishing Protocol


Web Intents

  • Web Intents is a framework for client-side service discovery and inter-application communication. Services register their intention to be able to handle an action on the user's behalf. Applications request to start an Action of a certain verb (share, edit, view, pick etc.) and the system will find the appropriate Services for the user to use based on the user's preference.





FOAF (from "friend of a friend") is an RDF based schema to describe persons and their social network in a semantic way. FOAF could get used within many wikis for annotating user pages, or describing articles about people.

See Open web#WebID



Portable Contacts


The protocol is a combination of OAuth, XRDS-Simple and a wire-format based on vCard harmonized with schema from OpenSocial.




See also Comms, Network#Projects

theory and practice



  • GNUnet is a framework for secure peer-to-peer networking that does not use any centralized or otherwise trusted services. A first service implemented on top of the networking layer allows anonymous censorship-resistant file-sharing. Anonymity is provided by making messages originating from a peer indistinguishable from messages that the peer is routing. All peers act as routers and use link-encrypted connections with stable bandwidth utilization to communicate with each other. GNUnet uses a simple, excess-based economic model to allocate resources. Peers in GNUnet monitor each others behavior with respect to resource usage; peers that contribute to the network are rewarded with better service. GNUnet is part of the GNU project. GNUnet can be downloaded from GNU and the GNU mirrors.





  • xOperator - A semantic agent for xmpp / jabber network which finds and shares content about resources (using RDF/SPARQL) for you and your jabber friends.



  • Sneer is a free and open source sovereign computing platform. It runs on your Windows, Mac or Linux machine (like Skype or Firefox) using the Java VM. It enables you to create your personal cluster by sharing hardware resources (CPU, disk space, network bandwidth) with your friends, host your own social network, information and media, create sovereign applications and share them with others, download and run sovereign applications created by others.


Semantic Microblogging


OpenLink Data Spaces




GNU Social

2010. uses older OStatus



  • Foafpress - An open-source PHP web application and presentation engine that publishes profiles and web pages based on RDF data stored in files. It allows you to aggregate and publish data from multiple web sources via Linked Data.





Mobile Social Semantic Web








  • Nightweb is an app for Android devices and PCs that connects you to an anonymous, peer-to-peer social network. It is written in Clojure and uses I2P and BitTorrent on the backend.



  • Vole is a web-based social network that you use in your browser, without a central server. It's built on the power of Bittorrent, Go and Ember.js.



  • Sockethub is a polyglot (speaking many different protocols and APIs) messaging service for social and other interactive messaging applications. It assists web app developers by providing server-independent, server-side functionality - which gives the application greater autonomy. It can be used as a tool for many different types of applications, large and small.

IRC Paradigm









  • Charme - A decentralized social network with end-to-end encryption for messaging, private posts and private profile data. Posts can contain semantic information, so it is possible to search for all friends driving from A to B for example. This is a preview version. It is not secure yet!!! So do not wonder if you find some crypto mistakes!



to sort





older ideas/ramblings

Social news idea

While I'm here (sending feedback for the new digg), my wishlist would be for;

  • Reddit style voting meets Slashdot comment categories, with social bookmark tagging for both users and groups/communities. *

Between upvoting and commenting, there are other types of actions that can be performed on items, like flagging as a favourite.

To add a better social bookmarking management system (better than Reddit search!), if a user could either;

- Click to Digg - (Click to thumbs-down/whatever is optional for communities, or like Hacker News) - Click to Favourite to own bookmark list -- And Tag, like, - Also, click to "Notice", as in not like the user "Diggs" or "Likes" the content of the article, and not that they want to bother saving it to Favourites, but a touch in the sence of a the *nix command, or a 'poke' to the issue embodies in the linked to page.

So, on the page, in ASCII;

This is the title of the link! 324 diggs/94 undiggs (small url) 863 noticed [++] [*] [~] [Tag:] [img thumb/whatever]

This is the title of another link! 243 diggs/213 undiggs (small url) 546 noticed [++] [*] [~] [Tag:] [img thumb/whatever]

(the buttons representing 'digg', 'favourite/save', 'notice' and 'tag:'

the tag textarea expands on clickingm like the stackexchange search box, and does auto-complete for a users tags, with suggestions from the global tags, like personal taxonomy can be cached locally for users.)

ALSO - reposts in different communities can tie back to a global site dashboard listing related taxonomies, from groups and users who favourite the link publically


  • Bottom up social tagging link topic clustering
  • Some communities have taxonomies moderated
  • Moderated taxonomies could be linked with Linked Data, DPpedia, etc.
  • So some serious bits of the site, some open and silly bits
  • Bits and bobs displayed in a timeline format (D3.js?), arrows between concepts in a postcyberpunk style semantic news and search display
  • Paid access for high-volume API calls

tag/category/channel ?

[social] bookmarks as service

Group types

from old wiki

Groups for collaboration on and sharing of conversation, news, code, media, services, etc.

  • Active = Groups as in membership.
    • Who can 'join'?
      • Open = Cost of entry is participation.
      • Closed = Some form of new-member rules.
    • What output can people see?
      • Public = Open process, easily forkable.
      • Private = Group or subgroup curates output, hidden process. Trust?
  • Passive = Groups as in topics of interest.
    • Web of semantically related topics and ideas.
    • Mining and 'routing' of relevant related content

Individual hubs could federate the service they wished (widgets, social aggregation, files, etc) in a manner that could be open or hidden. Tunnelled inter-darknet connections between anonymised users and services.

Process consensus-holders


  • interoperable oss platform(s)
  • activity stream, accessible for aggregation
    • easy filterable by others
  • from easy oembed style referencing using entry points with either html5 microformats or semantic apis
  • following/friend activity aggregation.
  • federated commenting
  • provides with one public (https) and one private (hidden service)
  • categories and tags the same
    • category tags out-of-bound but in-band referable
      • linked to evolving social fuzzy web ontology? npl for suggestions
        • other services use same ontology for wikis and social bookmarking
  • easy link friends with post categories and