- 1 General
- 1.1 Internet
- 1.2 Hypermedia
- 1.3 Web
- 1.4 Digital divide
- 1.5 Community
- 1.6 Content
- 1.7 Metadata
- 1.8 Data ownership
- 1.9 Identity
- 1.10 Trust
- 1.11 Privacy
- 1.12 Anonymity
- 1.13 Decentralisation
- 1.14 Passwords
- 1.15 Attention
- 1.16 Comments
- 1.17 Fake news
- 1.18 Spam
- 1.19 Automation
- 1.20 History
- 1.21 Memes
- 2 Forums
- 3 Blogging
- 4 Microblogging
- 5 Social bookmarking
- 6 Social news
- 7 Whiteboard
- 8 Communication stacks
- 9 3D
- 10 Social services
- 11 Analytics
Hypermedia, network effects, etc.
- YouTube: Hot and cool media (1965)
- YouTube: But Wait: Are You Hot, Or Is Your Media? - PBS Idea Channel
- YouTube: McLuhan's Tetrad - how it can be used to examine media as they progress through history
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Online_and_offline - The terms "online" and "offline" have specific meanings in regard to computer technology and telecommunications in which "online" indicates a state of connectivity, while "offline" indicates a disconnected state. Common vernacular extended from their computing and telecommunication meanings and refers specifically to an Internet connection. Lastly, in the area of human interaction and conversation, discussions taking place during a business meeting are "online", while issues that do not concern all participants of the meeting should be "taken offline"—continued outside of the meeting.
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Community_network - a computer-based system that is intended to help support (usually geographical) communities by supporting, augmenting, and extending already existing social networks, by using networking technologies by, and for, a community.Free-nets and civic networks indicate roughly the same range of online projects and services, usually focused on bulletin board systems and online information, but sometimes also providing a means of network access directly to the Internet or other networks; whereas community technology centers (CTCs) and telecentres generally indicate a physical facility to compensate for lack of access to information and communication technologies (ICTs).
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Free-net - was originally a computer system or network that provided public access to digital resources and community information, including personal communications, through modem dialup via the public switched telephone network. The concept originated in the health sciences to provide online help for medical patients. With the development of the Internet free-net systems became the first to offer limited Internet access to the general public to support the non-profit community work. The Cleveland Free-Net (cleveland.freenet.edu), founded in 1986, was the pioneering community network of this kind in the world. Any person with a personal computer, or through access from public terminal in libraries, could register for accounts on a free-net, and was assigned an email address. Other services often included Usenet newsgroups, chat rooms, IRC, telnet, and archives of community information, delivered either with text-based Gopher software or later the World-Wide Web.
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quote/commentary - a form of interaction in email and other modes of online communication consisting of cut and pasted passages of text followed by commentary focussed specifically on the excerpted passage. The term was introduced by cognitive scientist Stevan Harnad, who sees it as a significant development in communication because it restores "the real-time interactivity of the oral tradition" to written text. For Harnad, the most important features of quote/commentary are: its ability to iterate and embed to any depth, which provides a new dimension to hyperlinking, its publicly visible and accessible nature; interaction in electronic discussions such as those found in electronic mailing lists, online forums, and usenet puts the author in potential dialogue with anyone who reads the text.
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scholarly_skywriting - derived from the idea that texts can be written in the "sky" (via multiple email and a web archive) for all to see ("skyreading") and all to add their own comments to ("skywriting"). After the property of being online and read/writable by all, the most important property of Scholarly Skywriting is "quote/commentary"
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Student_skywriting - is scholarly skywriting done in a teaching/learning context. The idea is to deepen students' interaction with texts by not only having them read them and do essays on them, but also to do interactive quote/commentary on them. "Skyreadings" are posted on the course website and the students' assignment is to quote/comment them, and then also to quote/comment one another's comments. The instructor participates as well.
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Backchannel - the practice of using networked computers to maintain a real-time online conversation alongside the primary group activity or live spoken remarks. The term was coined in the field of linguistics to describe listeners' behaviours during verbal communication. The term "backchannel" generally refers to online conversation about the conference topic or speaker. Occasionally backchannel provides audience members a chance to fact-check the presentation.
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Second_screen - involves the use of a computing device (commonly a mobile device, such as a tablet or smartphone) to provide an enhanced viewing experience for content on another device, such as a television. In particular, the term commonly refers to the use of such devices to provide interactive features during broadcast content, such as a television program, especially social media postings on social networking platforms, such as Facebook and Twitter. The use of a second screen supports social television and generates an online conversation around the specific content.
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cybertext - Cybertext is based on the idea that getting to the message is just as important as the message itself. In order to obtain the message work on the part of the user is required. This may also be referred to as nontrivial work on the part of the user. In Aarseth’s work, cybertext denotes the general set of text machines which, operated by readers, yield different texts for reading.
(Mark Deuze, 2011)
- "The settings of the films in cyberpunk, literalizes the chaotic nature of thenarrative world. The scenery establishes a discordant whole through the juxtaposition of contradicting fragments that are bound together with anaesthetic of decay which is a result of the over-saturation of spaces throughtechnological infrastructures. As opposed to the postmodern sceneries of cyberpunk, the settings in postcyberpunk have a modern style whichvisualizes a clean sense of geometry that implicates the welfare and sanity. Within this purified spaces, technology becomes invisible."
- Newspapers and Thinking the Unthinkable, Clay Shirky - “When a 14 year old kid can blow up your business in his spare time, not because he hates you but because he loves you, then you got a problem.”
- http://mobile.nytimes.com/blogs/publiceditor/2015/04/10/a-darker-narrative-of-prints-future-from-clay-shirky/ 
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Communication_design - a mixed discipline between design and information-development which is concerned with how media intermission such as printed, crafted, electronic media or presentations communicate with people. A communication design approach is not only concerned with developing the message aside from the aesthetics in media, but also with creating new media channels to ensure the message reaches the target audience. Some designers use graphic design and communication design interchangeably due to overlapping skills. Communication design can also refer to a systems-based approach, in which the totality of media and messages within a culture or organization are designed as a single integrated process rather than a series of discrete efforts. This is done through communication channels that aim to inform and attract the attention of the people you are focusing your skills on.
See Network, etc.
- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ted_Nelson - coined the terms hypertext, hypermedia, transclusion, teledildonics
- Xanadu Hypertext Documents - 
- YouTube: Content Management by Redefining the Document - Ted Nelson keynote
axial hypertexts are the most simple in structure. They are situated along an axis in a linear style. These hypertexts have a straight path from beginning to end and are fairly easy for the reader to follow. An example of an axial hypertext is The Virtual Disappearance of Miriam.
arborescent hypertexts are more complex than the axial form. They have a branching structure which resembles a tree. These hypertexts have one beginning but many possible endings. The ending that the reader finishes on depends on their decisions whilst reading the text. This is much like the Goosebumps novels that allow readers to choose their own ending.
networked hypertexts are more complex still than the two previous forms of hypertext. They consist of an interconnected system of nodes with no dominant axis of orientation. Unlike the aborescent form, nextworked hypertexts do not have any designated beginning or any designated endings. An example of a networked hypertext is Shelley Jackson's Patchwork Girl.
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/AmigaGuide - a hypertext document file format designed for the Amiga, files are stored in ASCII so it is possible to read and edit a file without the need for special software. Since Workbench 2.1 an Amiga Guide system for O.S. inline help files and reading manuals with hypertext formatting elements was launched in AmigaOS and based on a viewer called simply "AmigaGuide" and it has been included as standard feature on the Amiga system. Users with earlier versions of Workbench could view the files by downloading the program and library AmigaGuide 34 distributed with public domain collections of floppy disks (for example on Fred Fish collection) or it could be downloaded directly from Aminet software repository. Starting from AmigaOS 3.0 the AmigaGuide tool was replaced with more the complete and flexible MultiView.
- http://academictech.doit.wisc.edu/blend/facilitate/communicate - Asynchronous vs Synchronous Communication
- http://www.theguardian.com/technology/2015/dec/29/irans-blogfather-facebook-instagram-and-twitter-are-killing-the-web 
- https://firebase.google.com/products/dynamic-links - deep web/app links that survive the install process
- Open Web Platform is the collection of open (royalty-free) technologies which enables the Web. Using the Open Web Platform, everyone has the right to implement a software component of the Web without requiring any approvals or waiving license fees.
- What is the Open Web?
a scheme displaying objects’ relative position; but unlike real maps (e.g. the map of the Earth) or virtual maps (e.g. the map of Mordor), the objects shown on it are not aligned on a surface. Mathematically speaking, The Internet map is a bi-dimensional presentation of links between websites on the Internet. Every site is a circle on the map, and its size is determined by website traffic, the larger the amount of traffic, the bigger the circle. Users’ switching between websites forms links, and the stronger the link, the closer the websites tend to arrange themselves to each other.
- http://blog.vox.io/post/35844563724/do-you-have-proper-vox-io-etiquette - community guidance
- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Don't_stuff_beans_up_your_nose - framing community
- Less Wrong: Dealing with trolling and the signal to noise ratio
- Death to User-Generated Content
- ACOTA (Automatic Collaborative Tagging). It is a Java-based library for suggesting tags in a collaborative and automatic way. It is based on the use of folksonomies to manage the tags and provide advanced services of automatic learning, reasoning, etc.
- https://twitter.com/chrismessina/status/223115412 - first hashtag
- http://blog.vrypan.net/2013/11/08/why-i-wont-use-a-gplus-custom-url/ 
- https://onename.com/ - distributed, blockstack blockchain, similar to bitcoin
- http://blogs.hbr.org/cs/2013/03/how_criticizing_in_private_und.html - accountability
- YouTube: High-speed high-security cryptography: encrypting and authenticating the whole Internet
- YouTube: How the Internet sees you
- New Developments in Deanonymization - December 17, 2012
- Anonymity Bibliography Selected Papers in Anonymity
- http://security.stackexchange.com/questions/46569/is-it-bad-practice-to-use-your-real-name-online 
- https://iwantmyname.com/blog/2014/01/icanns-new-rules-for-domain-registrants-require-you-to-verify-your-contact-details.html 
- Anonymouth - Document Anonymization Tool
- https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=8565977 - wall of text
- http://blog.appwared.com/awful-app-review-trend-among-turkish-users-this-is-why-your-app-gets-so-many-one-star-reviews/ 
- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jQjocZXHOg4 - youtube g+ integration
"All the top comments are just what people wrote about this on their google+ account. It's just like reading the "about" section over and over again."
- http://www.nytimes.com/2014/06/20/business/media/new-york-times-and-washington-post-to-develop-platform-for-readers-contributions.html 
- https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=8526208 - twitter convos suck
- https://github.com/tessalt/echo-chamber-js 
- http://www.theguardian.com/media/2016/apr/08/the-guardian-wants-to-engage-with-readers-but-how-we-do-it-needs-to-evolve 
- http://www.theverge.com/2016/4/13/11387934/internet-moderator-history-youtube-facebook-reddit-censorship-free-speech 
See also E-mail#Anti-spam
wget -e robots=off \ --user-agent="Mozilla" \ -pEHkKr 1 \ --warc-file=/path/to/your/warc/file/without/warc/extension \ 'http://www.example.com'
- https://gist.github.com/steverobbins/11bac3bc5d3b6156e634d9aaf30978bd - Quick and dirty script to save a whole site to archive.org
- archive.is - webpage capture
- Archive Team is a loose collective of rogue archivists, programmers, writers and loudmouths dedicated to saving our digital heritage. Since 2009 this variant force of nature has caught wind of shutdowns, shutoffs, mergers, and plain old deletions - and done our best to save the history before it's lost forever. Along the way, we've gotten attention, resistance, press and discussion, but most importantly, we've gotten the message out: IT DOESN'T HAVE TO BE THIS WAY. This website is intended to be an offloading point and information depot for a number of archiving projects, all related to saving websites or data that is in danger of being lost. Besides serving as a hub for team-based pulling down and mirroring of data, this site will provide advice on managing your own data and rescuing it from the brink of destruction.
- Archive Team Warrior - a virtual archiving appliance. You can run it to help with the ArchiveTeam archiving efforts. It will download sites and upload them to our archive — and it’s really easy to do! The warrior is a virtual machine, so there is no risk to your computer. The warrior will only use your bandwidth and some of your disk space. It will get tasks from and report progress to the Tracker.
- URLTeam Tracker - url shortening was a fucking awful idea
- https://github.com/ArchiveTeam/wpull - Wget-compatible web downloader and crawler.
- gist: Want to help Archive Team do a "panic grab" of a website, so that you can later upload it to the Internet Archive for inclusion in its WayBack Machine? Here's the code!
- gist: Have a WARC that you would like to upload to the Internet Archive so that it can eventually be included in their Wayback Machine? Here's how to upload it from the command line.
- WARCreate - a Google Chrome extension that allows a user to create a Web ARChive (WARC) file from any browseable webpage. The resulting files can then be used with other tools like the Internet Archive's open source Wayback Machine. The tool is an evolving product with the end result pushing toward being a personal web archiving solution for those that wish to securely archive their metadata in a standardize way.
- https://github.com/ikreymer/webarchiveplayer - WebArchivePlayer is a new desktop tool which provides a simple point-and-click wrapper for viewing any web archive file (in WARC and ARC format).
Plectrums, cut up store cards and plastic packaging work well as replacement spudgers.
- http://yz.mit.edu/notes/ - wiki
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Newsreader_(Usenet) - an application program that reads articles on Usenet (a distributed discussion system, which groups its content into a hierarchy of subject-related newsgroups, each of which contains multiple threads or discussions). Newsreaders act as clients which connect to a news server, via the Network News Transfer Protocol (NNTP), to download articles and post new articles. In addition to text-based articles, Usenet is increasingly used to distribute binary files, generally in dedicated "binaries" newsgroups.
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/rn_(newsreader) - a news client (or 'newsreader') written by Larry Wall and originally released in 1984. It was one of the first newsreaders to take full advantage of character-addressable CRT terminals (vnews, by Kenneth Almquist was first). Previous newsreaders, such as readnews, were mostly line-oriented and designed for use on the printing terminals which were common on the early Unix minicomputers where the Usenet software and network originated. Later variants of the original rn program included rrn, trn, and strn.
- SABnzbd - a program to download binary files from Usenet servers. Many people upload all sorts of interesting material to Usenet and you need a special program to get this material with the least effort.
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kill_file - also killfile, bozo bin or twit list, is a per-user file used by some Usenet reading programs to discard articles matching some unwanted patterns of subject, author, or other header lines. It was first implemented in Larry Wall's rn.
- nZEDb - a fork of newznab plus, while it was still open source.It automatically scans usenet, similar to the way google search bots scan the internet. It does this by collecting usenet headers and temporarily storing them in an SQL database. It provides a web-based front-end providing search, browse and programmable (API) functionality.
- WendzelNNTPd - an IPv6-ready Usenet server (NNTP daemon) with the main goal to maximize usability on the console level. WendzelNNTPd achieves that by breaking down complicated things to an easy-to-use configuration file + tool. The server is portable (Linux/BSD/nix), supports AUTHINFO authentication, contains support for Access Control Lists (ACL), role based access control (RBAC) and supports invisible newsgroups. It currently allows MySQL and SQLite backends
- D Programming Language Discussion Forum - this website is powered by DFeed, an NNTP / mailing list web frontend / forum software, news aggregator and IRC bot. DFeed was written mostly by Vladimir Panteleev. The source code is available under the GNU Affero General Public License
- http://flarum.org/ - a delightfully simple discussion platform for your website. It's fast and easy to use, with all the features you need to run a successful community.
- Kialo - Empowering Reason - designed to facilitate constructive debate about the most important issues in the world, without turning into the usual Internet Shouting Factory. We aspire to become not just where you come to argue, but also where you can explore the reasons why people disagree and see diverse points of view on the issues that matter. On Kialo, you can view and critically assess others’ discussions, add your voice, and watch the conversation expand as more and more people chime in. 
- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Collaborative_blog - group blogging, early social news
- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Linklog - developed into social bookmarking
- tumbelogs - short form posts developed into microblogging/twitter, multiformat form into tumblr
- Syte is a really simple but powerful packaged personal site that has social integrations like Twitter, GitHub, Dribbble, Instagram, Foursquare, Tumblr, Wordpress, Last.fm, SoundCloud, Bitbucket, StackOverflow, Flickr and Steam. svtle clone
- very nifty, but no search yet!! no fb.
- no multicolumn? development stopped last year
- no multicolumn?
- no multi-account
See also Twitter
See also Organisation#Knowledge
And related information management. From just links, to snippets and citations with a multiformat tumblog/microblog format etc. Flows into newer social news.
- http://www.quotered.com/ - bookmarking
- http://www.mendeley.com/ - academic
- Shaarli is a minimalist delicious clone you can install on your own website. It is designed to be personal (single-user), fast and handy. 
- Zotero is a free, easy-to-use tool to help you collect, organize, cite, and share your research sources.
- https://github.com/pirate/ArchiveBox - takes a list of website URLs you want to archive, and creates a local, static, browsable HTML clone of the content from those websites (it saves HTML, JS, media files, PDFs, images and more).You can use it to preserve access to websites you care about by storing them locally offline. ArchiveBox imports lists of URLs, renders the pages in a headless, autheticated, user-scriptable browser, and then archives the content in multiple redundant common formats (HTML, PDF, PNG, WARC) that will last long after the originals disappear off the internet. It automatically extracts assets and media from pages and saves them in easily-accessible folders, with out-of-the-box support for extracting git repositories, audio, video, subtitles, images, PDFs, and more.
See also social web
- http://slashcode.com/ - shashdot. later introduced the firehose system
later became mixed with the 'short-form' of social bookmarking
- http://techmeme.com/ - auto and curation
- later http://memeorandum.com , etc.
- Raerth's Moderation Guide
- http://idibon.com/toxicity-in-reddit-communities-a-journey-to-the-darkest-depths-of-the-interwebs/ 
- https://github.com/michael-lazar/rtv - Browse Reddit from your terminal
- http://hnpickup.appspot.com/ - dead
- https://chrome.google.com/webstore/detail/hacker-newsd/njdndkhkelkeepcnmookckfhleebcokl - show if page has been posted*
- n-gate.com - we can't both be right.
- http://hackurls.com/ - syndicated
wget -O - hackurls.com/ascii | less
- http://thenews.im/ - hn and dn
- http://www.inbound.org/ - marketing
- https://news.layervault.com/ - designer news
- http://firespotting.com/ - ideas
- http://www.upboat.us/ - mailing-list provision
- http://hubski.com/ - social
See also Open social#Feeds / Activity
- http://ushahidi.com/ - collaborative curation of news, mapping and SMS focus
- Managing News is a Drupal based robust news and data aggregation engine with pluggable visualization and workflow tools.
- POSSE is an acronym/abbreviation for Publish (on your) Own Site, Syndicate Elsewhere. It's a Syndication Model where the flow involves posting your content on your own domain first, then syndicating out copies to 3rd party services with perma(short)links back to the original version.
POSSE lets your friends keep using whatever silo aggregator (Facebook, Twitter, etc.) they've been using to read your stuff.
- Gregarius is a Web-based RSS/RDF/ATOM news aggregator featuring OPML import/export, XHTML/CSS output and an AJAX-based item tagging system
- SNARC - A service that semantically annotates web documents, queries social endpoints and reconciles results in order to provide rich and up-to-date contextual information
- Pierre and Jeff's excellent ventures - Dave Winer
- http://www.newrepublic.com/article/113053/new-york-times-buzzfeed-andrew-sullivan-herald-death-blog# - frigin mainstream opinion
- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unified_communications - a business term describing the integration of enterprise communication services such as instant messaging (chat), presence information, voice (including IP telephony), mobility features (including extension mobility and single number reach), audio, web & video conferencing, fixed-mobile convergence (FMC), desktop sharing, data sharing (including web connected electronic interactive whiteboards), call control and speech recognition with non-real-time communication services such as unified messaging (integrated voicemail, e-mail, SMS and fax). UC is not necessarily a single product, but a set of products that provides a consistent unified user interface and user experience across multiple devices and media types.
- BigBlueButton - a web conferencing system designed for online learning. Synchronous learning tools should feel like part of your management system (LMS). Instructure, Schoology, Jenzabar, and D2L all ship their LMS with a native integration for BigBlueButton. Moodle and Sakai have plugins for deep integration. And BigBlueButton is learning tools interoperability (LTI) 1.0 compliant for widest adoption.
- Elastix - an unified communications server software that brings together IP PBX, email, IM, faxing and collaboration functionality. It has a Web interface and includes capabilities such as a call center software with predictive dialing. The Elastix 2.5 functionality is based on open source projects including Asterisk, FreePBX, HylaFAX, Openfire and Postfix. Those packages offer the PBX, fax, instant messaging and email functions, respectively.
- FreedomBox - Debian based software stack for smart devices whose engineered purpose is to work together to facilitate free communication among people, safely and securely, beyond the ambition of the strongest power to penetrate. They can make freedom of thought and information a permanent, ineradicable feature of the net that holds our souls.
- Anyfesto - uses Raspberry Pi/CHIP computers as total communication devices. Utilizing proven Open Source Software an Anyfesto install offers audio streaming, file sharing, text and voice communications, education content and more. Any manifestation of a meeting - in the schools or in the streets - is going to need clear communication. Anyfesto is the toolbox to make that happen.
- https://github.com/LibraryBox-Dev/alexandria - Alexandria is a librarian for files, intended to replace the scripts that run LibraryBox and PirateBox. Alexandria has two parts: The library server and the configuration generator.
- BiblioBox - Nomadic device for accessing digital resources. Declination of the PirateBox (and its LibraryBox fork).
- Second Life - Virtual Worlds, Virtual Reality, VR, Avatars, Free 3D Chat
- Topsy - Search and Analyze the Social Web.
- hootsuite - social media dashboard to manage and measure your social networks
- buffer - Be awesome on social media. Easily add great articles, pictures and videos to your Buffer and we automagically share them for you through the day!
- http://twitterfeed.com/ - publish once, syndicate to all social presences
- https://zapier.com - interservice pipes - 5 tasks, 100/month 15 min cron