Digital literacy

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Some notes on

  • Logo key pressed once might start a launcher to open applications or files
  • (Ubuntu: holding the logo key down gives a keyboard shortcut display)
  • Holding Ctrl then pressing Tab switches to the next window
  • Holding Ctrl and Shift then pressing tab switches to the previous window
  • Holding Alt usually lets you open an application menu. Whilst holding that, pressing the underlined letter in the menu name will open that menu
  • Windows: If a window somehow moves off the visible screen - Holding Alt, pressing Space, releasing Alt, pressing 'm', then one press of any arrow key and then moving the mouse around will bring the lost window back to the visible screen.

  • Holding Ctrl then press f will give a text search
  • Holding Ctrl then press g to move to the next search result


  • Middle clicking a web link will open it in a new tab
  • Middle clicking a tab will close it
  • On some laptops with just two buttons, clicking in the 'middle' of the buttons performs a middle click
  • Alt then Left or Right arrows to move backward and forward through a tabs page history
  • Mouse wheel up and down on the tab bar to move left and right between tabs
  • Ctrl then Page Up or Page Down to move left or right between browser tabs* Ctrl and Shift then Page Up or Page Down moves tabs left or right
  • Right click on tabs and Pin keep a site or page available, or for a 'deal with later' group
  • Ctrl and F4 to close a tab
  • Firefox: Ctrl then y reopens the last closed tab
  • Chrome: Shift and Ctrl then t reopens the last closed tab
  • Chrome: with the web inspector open, right clicking on reload gives extra options
  • F6 moves the cursor to and selects (copies) the address bar
  • Space scrolls a page down, shift-space scrolls a page up
  • Shift + mousescroll scrolls horizontally
  • Shift-Enter with the Find box selected searches backwards

For hardcore:



  • Selecting any text and pressing Ctrl-x, to cut (if possible) Ctrl-v, to paste, Ctrl-c to copy text. These are also usually available in a right click or edit dialogue menu
  • Selecting any text in Linux copies it and scroll-wheel middle click pastes it, separate to the Ctrl-c Ctrl-v clipboard* This means triple clicking a web site paragraph copies it to the middle click paste clipboard* Or sometimes just double clicking if you hit the right spot

  • Ctrl then Left or Right jumps backwards or forwards a word
  • Ctrl, Shift then Left or Right to select a word backwards or forwards* Ctrl, Shift then Up or Down to select whole lines
  • Don't forget your home and end keys, and Delete for removing back the way when required* Click anywhere in a line then press Home, hold shift, hit Down (or End to keep the line-break) then Delete to remove a line and its linebreak
  • In browsers: Ctrl then y undoes
  • In apps: Ctrl then z undoes