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Things and Stuff Wiki - An organically evolving personal wiki knowledge base with an on-the-fly taxonomy containing a patchwork of topic outlines, descriptions, notes and breadcrumbs, with links to sites, systems, software, manuals, organisations, people, articles, guides, slides, papers, books, comments, videos, screencasts, webcasts, scratchpads and more. Quality varies drastically. Use the Table of Contents to navigate long pages, use the Small-ToC and Tiny-ToC header links on longer pages. Not that mobile friendly atm. #tnswiki on freenode IRC for feedback chat, or see About for login and further information. / et / em

See also Web systems#Document management, Wiki, Organisation#Knowledge

to reorder

CLI/TUI software


  • - Text Editor & COrrector is both a character-oriented text editor and a programming language, that was developed in 1962 for use on Digital Equipment Corporation computers, and has since become available on PCs and Unix. Dan Murphy developed TECO while a student at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

According to Murphy, the initial acronym was "Tape Editor and Corrector" because "punched paper tape was the only medium for the storage of program source on our PDP-1. There was no hard disk, floppy disk, magnetic tape (magtape), or network." By the time TECO was made available for general use, the name had become "Text Editor and Corrector," since even the PDP-1 version by then supported other media. It was subsequently modified by many other people and is a direct ancestor of Emacs, which was originally implemented in TECO macros.


  • - a line-oriented computer text editor that was developed by Butler Lampson and L. Peter Deutsch for the Berkeley Timesharing System running on the SDS 940. It was implemented by L. Peter Deutsch and Dana Angluin between 1965 and 1966. QED (for "quick editor") addressed teleprinter usage, but systems "for CRT displays [were] not considered, since many of their design considerations [were] quite different."





See Vim





  • - Vis aims to be a modern, legacy free, simple yet efficient vim-like editor. It extends vim's modal editing with built-in support for multiple cursors/selections and combines it with sam's structural regular expression based command language. As an universal editor it has decent Unicode support (including double width and combining characters) and should cope with arbitrary files including: large (up to a few Gigabytes) ones including, Wikipedia/OpenStreetMap XML / SQL / CSV dumps, amalgamated source trees (e.g. SQLite), single line ones e.g. minified JavaScript, binary ones e.g. ELF files


  • Amp - A complete text editor for your terminal. [8]


  • sandy is a (suckless) ncurses text editor with an easy-to-read, hackable C source. Sandy tries to maximize screen estate, minimize the SLOC used and not get in your way too much. It can somehow be controlled using a named pipe that lives in /tmp and all preferences and keybindings are to be chosen at compile time.


GUI software









  • WordGrinder is a Unicode-aware character cell word processor that runs in a terminal (or a Windows console). It is designed to get the hell out of your way and let you get some work done.It's designed for writing text. It gets out of your way and lets you type.






  • μPad - A powerful note-taking app that respects your freedoms and runs on everything [11]


  • - an open-source tool for writers. Manuskript runs on on GNU/Linux, Mac OS X, and Windows. Manuskript provides a rich environment to help writers create their first draft and then further refine and edit their masterpiece.


  • Ted - an easy rich text processor





See also #Markdown

to merge with other #Markdown


  • - This project was initiated to provide a test suite for Markdown markup, and eventually create a specification from this test results. A part of of the community has started a new endeavor which seems to get traction as CommonMark.



  • Markdown Here is a Google Chrome, Firefox, Safari, Opera, and Thunderbird extension that lets you write email in Markdown and render them before sending. It also supports syntax highlighting (just specify the language in a fenced code block).

  • - a simple Markdown resumé template, LaTeX header, and pre-processing script that can be used with Pandoc to generate professional-looking PDF and HTML output.

  • MkDocs - a fast, simple and downright gorgeous static site generator that's geared towards building project documentation. Documentation source files are written in Markdown, and configured with a single YAML configuration file.

  • Markdown.css - CSS to make HTML markup look like plain-text markdown.
  • PageDown is the JavaScript Markdown previewer used on Stack Overflow and the rest of the Stack Exchange network. It includes a Markdown-to-HTML converter and an in-page Markdown editor with live preview.

  • Lorem Markdownum - Inspired by the many excellent lorem ipsum generators, this simple webapp generates placeholder text. However, instead of generating plain text, this generator gives you structured text in the form of markdown. In order to do so, it uses Markov Chains and many heuristics.
  • Markdown Extra is an extension to PHP Markdown implementing some features currently not available with the plain Markdown syntax. Markdown Extra is available as a separate parser class in PHP Markdown Lib.

  • Fountain - a simple markup syntax for writing, editing and sharing screenplays in plain, human-readable text. Fountain allows you to work on your screenplay anywhere, on any computer or tablet, using any software that edits text files.

Table of Contents

cat ~/projects/Dockerfile.vim/ | ./gh-md-toc -
 * [Dockerfile.vim](#dockerfilevim)
 * [Screenshot](#screenshot)
 * [Installation](#installation)
       * [OR using Pathogen:](#or-using-pathogen)
       * [OR using Vundle:](#or-using-vundle)
 * [License](#license)






to sort

  • Pandoc - a universal document converter. If you need to convert files from one markup format into another, pandoc is your swiss-army knife. Pandoc can convert documents in markdown, reStructuredText, textile, HTML, DocBook, LaTeX, or MediaWiki markup to; HTML formats: XHTML, HTML5, and HTML slide shows using Slidy, Slideous, S5, or DZSlides. Word processor formats: Microsoft Word docx, OpenOffice/LibreOffice ODT, OpenDocument XML, Ebooks: EPUB version 2 or 3, FictionBook2, Documentation formats: DocBook, GNU TexInfo, Groff man pages, TeX formats: LaTeX, ConTeXt, LaTeX Beamer slides, PDF via LaTeX, Lightweight markup formats: Markdown, reStructuredText, AsciiDoc, MediaWiki markup, Emacs Org-Mode, Textile

The Markdown Presentation Service for everyone on GitHub, GitLab, and Bitbucket. Using the tools you already know and love ~ Markdown + Git.





  • ReText is a simple but powerful editor for Markdown and reStructuredText markup languages. ReText is written in Python language and works on Linux and other POSIX-compatible platforms. To install ReText, use install command.
  • Typora — a markdown editor, markdown reader. - will give you a seamless experience as both a reader and a writer. It removes the preview window, mode switcher, syntax symbols of markdown source code, and all other unnecessary distractions. Replace them with a real live preview feature to help you concentrate the content itself. [23]



CV / résumé


requires wkhtmltopdf


See #Pandoc

install imagemagick
sudo npm install -g phantomjs-prebuilt github-markdown-to-png
github-markdown-to-png -i
github-markdown-to-png -i -o png-dir

  • - a command-line server application written in Python that uses the GitHub markdown API to render a local readme file. The styles come directly from GitHub, so you'll know exactly how it will appear. Changes you make to the Readme will be instantly reflected in the browser without requiring a page refresh.

  • allmark - a file-system-centric markdown web server. You can point it at any directory that contains markdown files and it will immediately start a web-server that serves the rendered HTML content of the markdown file to you. And it will not only render the markdown files in your directory as HTML, but it will also add everything that it needed for a complete website: Navigation, Full-text Search, Theming, Sitemap, RSS, Tags, … on-the-fly with websocket-based live-reload. Animation: Cloning allmark from github, building it and taking it out for a test run on the allmark repository itself, and thanks to the power of go all of this is super fast and done with a single standalone application.


  • Homepage Johannes Hofmann - flpsed - a WYSIWYG PostScript annotator. You can't remove or modify existing elements of a document. But flpsed lets you add arbitrary text lines to existing PostScript documents (PostScript is a registered trademark of Adobe Systems Incorporated). Added lines can later be reedited with flpsed. Using pdftops, which is part of xpdf one can convert PDF documents to PostScript and also add text to them. flpsed is useful for filling in forms, adding notes etc. GsWidget is now part of flpsed.

flpsed is released under the GPL.

  • - a small python-gtk application, which helps the user to merge or split pdf documents and rotate, crop and rearrange their pages using an interactive and intuitive graphical interface. It is a frontend for python-pyPdf.

  • - a small .pdf management utility. It is borne out of the frustration of having a dowload folder full of PDFs with names like 'I08.pdf', '1412.4880.pdf' and so on. Since I want to save some of these files for later reading, it would be helpful to have more descriptive filenames. This tool helps with renaming those files. It will rename/move documents to a specified folder, and it even gives some filename suggestions by looking at the file content and the pdf metadata.


  • Okular - a universal document viewer based developed by KDE. Okular works on multiple platforms, including but not limited to Linux, Windows, Mac OS X, *BSD, etc. The last stable release is Okular 1.3, shipped as part of the KDE Applications 17.12 release. Okular combines the excellent functionalities with the versatility of supporting different kind of documents, like PDF, Postscript, DjVu, CHM, XPS, ePub and others. The document format handlers page has a chart describing in more detail the supported formats and the features supported in each of them.

  • XpdfReader - a free PDF viewer and toolkit, including a text extractor, image converter, HTML converter, and more. Most of the tools are available as open source.



  • Pandoc - a universal document converter If you need to convert files from one markup format into another, pandoc is your swiss-army knife. Pandoc can convert documents in markdown, reStructuredText, textile, HTML, DocBook, LaTeX, MediaWiki markup, TWiki markup, OPML, Emacs Org-Mode, Txt2Tags, Microsoft Word docx, LibreOffice ODT, EPUB, or Haddock markup to:
  • HTML formats: XHTML, HTML5, and HTML slide shows using Slidy, reveal.js, Slideous, S5, or DZSlides.
  • Word processor formats: Microsoft Word docx, OpenOffice/LibreOffice ODT, OpenDocument XML
  • Ebooks: EPUB version 2 or 3, FictionBook2
  • Documentation formats: DocBook, TEI Simple, GNU TexInfo, Groff man pages, Haddock markup
  • Page layout formats: InDesign ICML
  • Outline formats: OPML
  • TeX formats: LaTeX, ConTeXt, LaTeX Beamer slides
  • PDF via LaTeX
  • Lightweight markup formats: Markdown (including CommonMark), reStructuredText, AsciiDoc, MediaWiki markup, DokuWiki markup, Emacs Org-Mode, Textile
  • Custom formats: custom writers can be written in lua.
  • Pandoc understands a number of useful markdown syntax extensions, including document metadata (title, author, date); footnotes; tables; definition lists; superscript and subscript; strikeout; enhanced ordered lists (start number and numbering style are significant); running example lists; delimited code blocks with syntax highlighting; smart quotes, dashes, and ellipses; markdown inside HTML blocks; and inline LaTeX. If strict markdown compatibility is desired, all of these extensions can be turned off.
pandoc -s -r html -o
  # Converting a web page to markdown

pandoc MANUAL.txt --latex-engine=xelatex -o example13.pdf
  # From markdown to PDF. Arch Linux package requirements: texlive-core texlive-latexextra
  # bug: does not work with .md that has too many nested headings! [27]

  • Docverter - Convert plain text documents written in HTML, Markdown, or LaTeX to PDF, Docx, RTF or ePub with a simple HTTP API. It wraps the following open-source software in a JRuby app: Pandoc for plain text to HTML and ePub conversion, Flying Saucer for HTML to PDF, Calibre for ePub to MOBI conversion

to sort

  • Docutils is an open-source text processing system for processing plaintext documentation into useful formats, such as HTML, LaTeX, man-pages, open-document or XML. It includes reStructuredText, the easy to read, easy to use, what-you-see-is-what-you-get plaintext markup language.


  • Trelby - simple, fast and elegantly laid out to make screenwriting simple. It is infinitely configurable. Trelby is free software, that you can contribute to. Features; Screenplay editor: Enforces correct script format and pagination, auto-completion, and spell checking. Multiplatform : Behaves identically on all platforms, generating the exact same output. Choice of view: Multiple views, including draft view, WYSIWYG mode, and fullscreen to suit your writing style. Name database: Character name database containing over 200,000 names from various countries. Reporting: Scene/location/character/dialogue reports. Compare: Ability to compare scripts, so you know what changed between versions. Import: Screenplay formatted text, Final Draft XML (.fdx), Celtx (.celtx), Fountain (.fountain), Adobe Story (.astx) and Fade In Pro (.fadein). Export: PDF, formatted text, HTML, RTF, Final Draft XML (.fdx) and Fountain (.fountain). PDF: Built-in, highly configurable PDF generator. Supports embedding your chosen font. Also supports generating PDFs with custom watermarks, to help track shared files. Free software: Licensed under the GPL, Trelby welcomes developers and screenwriters to contribute in making it more useful.

  • Fountain - a simple markup syntax for writing, editing and sharing screenplays in plain, human-readable text. Fountain allows you to work on your screenplay anywhere, on any computer or tablet, using any software that edits text files. Taking its cues from John Gruber’s Markdown, Fountain files are eminently readable. When special syntax is required, it is straightforward and intuitive. Even when viewed as plain text, your screenplay feels like a screenplay. Fountain supports everything a screenwriter is likely to need in the early, creative phases of writing. Not included are production features such as MOREs, CONTINUEDs, revision marks, locked pages, or colored pages. Because it’s just text, Fountain is also a great format for archiving screenplays without worry of file-format obsolescence or incompatibility.

Text formatting


  • LyX is a document processor that encourages an approach to writing based on the structure of your documents (WYSIWYM) and not simply their appearance (WYSIWYG).
  • Detexify - LaTeX handwritten symbol recognition. Anyone who works with LaTeX knows how time-consuming it can be to find a symbol in symbols-a4.pdf that you just can't memorize. Detexify is an attempt to simplify this search.

DTP / Office

LibreOffice / OpenOffice




  • WollMux is an plugin with enhanced template, form, and autotext functionality. It can construct templates on the fly from multiple files (e.g. letterhead, footer, and body text) and will fill in personal and organizational data from various databases such as LDAP. An extra form GUI presents fields in an easily navigable manner and offers plausibility checks and computed values to ease filling in the form. Chainable printing functions allow various transformations during print and custom dialogs.





See also WebDev#Authoring




Business letters



Collaborative documentation

See Wiki


  • Infinote protocol provides real-time collaborative editing of documents with the main focus being on collaborative plain text editing. In the meanwhile there are quite a few solutions out there, but all of them implement a different protocol and thus cannot be used with other tools. Our goal is to provide a flexible yet powerful open framework and clients for various environments that can interoperate with each other.


  • Gobby is a free collaborative editor supporting multiple documents in one session and a multi-user chat. It runs on Microsoft Windows, Mac OS X, Linux and other Unix-like platforms.

to sort



  • Collabora - LibreOffice online office suite that supports all major document, spreadsheet and presentation file formats, which you can integrate in your own infrastructure. Key features are collaborative editing and excellent office file format support.


Often zen like.

  • - collaborative platform for research. Write and manage your technical documents in one place. web native, uses Git. write in LaTeX, Markdown, HTML, Javascript, and/or more.

to sort

CodeSandbox Live


See Documents, Graphics#Formats, Audio#Audio formats

  • Best File Formats for Archiving - This guide compares common file formats for the purpose of digital archiving and preservation. It also discusses how to choose a resolution for images, and how to choose a sampling rate and a bit rate for MP3 audio files. Disclaimer: All of the below is provided as my personal opinion only, without guarantee for completeness or correctness. The current version of this text is 2018-01-13.