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Things and Stuff Wiki - An organically evolving personal wiki knowledge base with a totally on-the-fly taxonomy containing topic outlines, descriptions and breadcrumbs, with links to sites, systems, software, manuals, organisations, people, articles, guides, slides, papers, books, comments, screencasts, webcasts, scratchpads and more. Use the Table of Contents to navigate on longer pages, use the Small-ToC and Tiny-ToC above on longer pages. probably not that mobile friendly atm. I am milk (or milkii) on Freenode IRC, give me a pm for feedback, or see About for login and further information. / et / em

Sounds and samples

  • - a collection of digital sound recordings, known as samples, for use by composers, arrangers, performers, and producers of music. The sound files are loaded into a sampler—either hardware or software-based—which is then used to create music. Sample libraries appear in a variety of forms: As a tempo-based musical phrase that can be looped (repeated in tempo with the arrangement), or edited in a cut and paste collage fashion; Collections of note-by-note recordings of musical instruments for playback on a digital sampler, known as multi-samples. This method of sample playback is to construct a playable instrument, or emulation of another instrument, from a sampler or computer; One-shot hits or stabs of non-tempo-based audio, particularly for sound effects.


  • The Guide To Sound Effects - This page contains a number of ideas on how to create various sound effects, and we hope you find it inspiring. Thanks to everyone who submitted their tips and techniques – and if you have any ideas to share, do let us know!
  • - Learning Space dedicated to the Art and Analyses of Film Sound Design


  • WhoSampled is the world's largest community for fans of sampled music, cover songs and remixes. WhoSampled is open to everyone to submit information about a sample, cover song or remix, and subject to approval it will be added to the database, published across our platforms, to be discovered and discussed by the world.


  • SampleSwap - Professional quality free loops and audio samples for electronic music

  • BBC Sound Effects - Research & Education Space - These 16,016 BBC Sound Effects are made available by the BBC in WAV format to download for use under the terms of the RemArc Licence. The Sound Effects are BBC copyright, but they may be used for personal, educational or research purposes, as detailed in the license. [2]

  • Free Drum Samples - 287 Drum Sets / 32.252 WAV Samples / 4.95 GB. This is the worlds largest Free Drum Samples Library on the Web!

  • VoxForge was set up to collect transcribed speech for use with Free and Open Source Speech Recognition Engines (on Linux, Windows and Mac). We will make available all submitted audio files under the GPL license, and then 'compile' them into acoustic models for use with Open Source speech recognition engines such as CMU Sphinx, ISIP, Julius (github) and HTK (note: HTK has distribution restrictions).
  • SONUS is an online listening library (jukebox) of electroacoustic works, created and managed by the CEC for the benefit of the greater Electroacoustic / Computer Music / Sound Art community. The CEC created SONUS to make electroacoustic pieces easily accessible to audiences everywhere. SONUS is a valuable tool for composers to promote their work, and a fascinating resource for listeners, with over 1800 works in a wide variety of aesthetics already in the catalogue.
  • Musical Artifacts is a web application with the objective of helping musicians find, share and preserve the 'artifacts' that they use for producing their music. It also aims to be a de facto guideline of how to best preserve these artifacts so that they're are useful to the biggest number of people possible.
  • British Library Sounds - Listen to a selection from the British Library’s extensive collections of unique sound recordings, which come from all over the world and cover the entire range of recorded sound: music, drama and literature, oral history, wildlife and environmental sounds.
  • The Macaulay Library - the world's largest archive of animal sounds. The archive includes more than 175,000 audio recordings covering 75 percent of the world's bird species, with an ever increasing numbers of insect, fish, frog, and mammal recordings as well. The more recently established video archive includes over 50,000 clips representing over 3,500 species.
  • SoundKit is a UI sound library designed for all of your interface needs. Featuring 300 professional, royalty free sound effects, designed for use in mobile and desktop app design. Each sound has been custom crafted for UI applications. Designed to sound great on mobile devices as well as high end speakers. [5]

  • Freepats is a project to create a free and open set of instrument patches, in any format, that can be used with softsynths. We would like to collect and host samples and instrument patches in any format so if you are interested in contributing to the project then send a message to the freepats mailing list. Needless to say, any uploaded content must either be in the Public Domain or have an open and free redistribution license.

  • TrekCore: Audio - Welcome to the best resource for iconic Star Trek sounds!
  • Pop Up Archive makes sound searchable using cutting edge speech-to-text technology.

  • Loopmasters - Pro Sample Packs, Download Royalty Free Sounds, Sample Libraries, Boutique Loops

few of my favourite

  • crumpling silver papers
  • bad tube track (in summer evening)
  • water (at night)
  • Flogsta scream
  • iceflow cracking
  • steel line against mast/loose cable in tall lamp


  • British National Corpus - BNC is a 100 million word collection of samples of written and spoken language from a wide range of sources, designed to represent a wide cross-section of British English, both spoken and written, from the late twentieth century

  • Dunya - comprises the music corpora and related software tools that have been developed as part of the CompMusic project. These corpora have been created with the aim of studying particular music traditions and they include audio recordings plus complementary information that describes the recordings. Each corpus has specific characteristics and the developed software tools allow to process the available information in order to study and explore the characteristics of each musical repertoire.





  • Specimen - an open source, MIDI controllable audio sampler for Linux. Features include: Up to 64 patches with 8 notes of polyphony each, Fast, high quality pitch scaling, Linear ADSR volume envelopes, MIDI/jack-transport syncable LFOs, Low pass filter with resonance, A variety of direction-independent playback modes, A zoomable sample editor for loop and play points, Portamento. Last developed in 2007.


petri-foo -a
  # autoconnect to system output in JACK


  • samplv1 - an old-school all-digital polyphonic sampler synthesizer with stereo fx. pure stand-alone JACK client with JACK-session, NSM and both JACK MIDI and ALSA MIDI input support, or LV2 instrument plugin.



  • Fabla - an open-source LV2 drum sampler plugin instrument. It is ideal for loading up your favorite sampled sounds and bashing away on a MIDI controller. Or if it’s crafty beat programming your after that’s cool too! The ADSR envelope allows the shaping of hi-hats and kicks while the compressor beefs up the sound for those thumping kicks!


  • Tapeutape - a midi-controlled virtual sampler. It is highly configurable, lets you create instruments/kits/setups and is designed for live performance. It works on Gnu/Linux with the Jack sound server. There's a command-line and a gui version. It is released under the GNU General Public Licence.


  • Simsam - a simple MIDI sample playback program. You can use it to play drum samples and loops from a MIDI keyboard or sequencer.

Composite Sampler

  • Composite Sampler - an LV2 plugin that acts as a MIDI-controllable sampler. It is best suited for drum samples, and supports Hydrogen drum kits.

Multi-Sampler x48 Stereo

  • Multi-Sampler x48 Stereo - implements 1-instrument MIDI sample player with stereo input and stereo output. For each instrument there are up to eight samples available to play for different note velocities.


  • Chionic - advanced sampler for Linux. It is not meant for loading existing sampler formats (sf2/gig/akai/etc) – though making an importer could work – The main idea behind Chionic is that you can make your huge patch libraries, with thousand of patches, and then make multitimbral songs using up to 64 midi channels. All this with only one instance of chionic, and using on-demand loading. Last developed 2005.


  • Anja - a sample player designed for live sound effect playback. Anja makes it possible to assign sound effects to the keys of the computer keyboard. Anja also featues a channel mixer with 16 channels, making it possible to fade a group of sound effects together. The backend of Anja is JACK, the low-latency audio server. The session file format of Anja is in a formalized text format, optimized for human readability.


  • - Ninjas - Ninjas Is Not Just Another Slicer. Creating a sample slicer plugin using DPF framework. Most (all?) crashes resolved at the moment. There are still a lot of things not implemented yet though. Look at the issues and feel free to report bugs, features and so on.



  • jacksampler - a sampler which supports midi input using JACK, and outputs the audio data using JACK. It is configured using a simple text file which describes which audio file corresponds to which MIDI note.




  • JTrigger - A drum machine/sample player for midi input. I've left out the sequencer and the plugin support because it can be done by other, better programs if it is needed. This is a true unix program - does one thing, and does it well. You can get effects support by running it through something such as Jack-Rack. Each sample conviently has it's own JACK output port to make your life easier. No matter how much time I spend, it's likely that I won't exceed the capabilities of a dedicated sequencer such as Seq24 without greatly increasing the size and resource usage of this program.



  • aucat - audio files manipulation tool. aucat utility can play, record, mix, and process audio files on the fly. During playback, aucat reads audio data concurrently from all played files, mixes it and plays the result on the device. Similarly, it stores audio data recorded from the device into corresponding files. An off-line mode could be used to process audio files without involving audio hardware. Processing includes: Change the sound encoding. Route the sound from one channel to another. Control the per-file playback volume. Finally, aucat can accept MIDI messages usable for: Volume control. Start, stop and relocate playback and recording. Provided by sndio.


  • Shortcircuit - created as a reaction against the ongoing trend where software samplers are being designed with the primary intent of library playback. It is intended for people who, like us, consider a sampler to be a musical instrument in its own right, and not just a way to emulate other instruments. It has been a very high priority to make sure that adding and editing individual samples is as fast and logical as possible.

The sample hierarchy in shortcircuit allow you to place samples directly at the highest level of the multi, without having to deal with instrument hierarchies and patches. Want to add a sample to your song? Just drag & drop the sample into shortcircuit and you're ready to go. Samples can be put in groups for multi-sampling and kit-building, but the complexity is only there when you need it.

Windows VST

TX16Wx Software Sampler


a mess

  • - a brand name that collectively refers to a file format and associated technology that uses sample-based synthesis to play MIDI files. It was first used on the Sound Blaster AWE32 sound card for its General MIDI support.

MIDI files in themselves don't contain any sounds, rather they contain only instructions to render them. To render such files, sample-based MIDI synthesizers use recordings of instruments and sounds stored in a file or ROM chip. SoundFont-compatible synthesizers allow users to use SoundFont banks with custom samples to render their music. A SoundFont bank contains base samples in PCM format (similar to WAV files) that are mapped to sections on a musical keyboard. A SoundFont bank also contains other music synthesis parameters such as loops, vibrato effect, and velocity-sensitive volume changing. SoundFont banks can conform to standard sound sets such as General MIDI, or use other wholly custom sound-set definitions.

The original SoundFont file format was developed in the early 1990s by E-mu Systems and Creative Labs. A specification for this version was never released to the public. The first and only major device to utilize this version was Creative's Sound Blaster AWE32 in 1994. Files in this format conventionally have the file extension of .SBK or .SB2.



SoundFont 2.0 was developed in 1996. This file format generalized the data representation using perceptually additive real world units, redefined some of the instrument layering features within the format, added true stereo sample support and removed some obscure features of the first version whose behavior was difficult to specify. This version was fully disclosed as a public specification, with the goal of making the SoundFont format an industry standard. Files in this and all other 2.x formats conventionally have the file extension of SF2.

  • Polyphone is a free software for editing soundfonts in format sf2. These files contain a multitude of audio samples put together and configured so as to form musical instruments that can be used by synthesizers such as fluidsynth and played using a MIDI keyboard.
  • hydro2sf2 - convert hydrogen drumkit into sf2 soundfont


Comes in SFZ 1.0 and SFZ 2.0 varieties.

  • makesfz - BASH script to auto-generate SFZ files. Requires BASH v4. Running makesfz with no arguments creates individual SFZ files for every WAV file found in the current directory, with the key range spanning the entire keyboard and "pitch_keycenter" set to MIDI key C4 (middle C).

  • sfarkxtc - .sfark extractor, console version. Converts soundfonts in the legacy sfArk v2 file format to sf2.
  • sfpack - .sfpack sfArk compression

  • One-Shot SFZ Mapper - web tool instantly generates an SFZ file with a one-to-one mapping. Each sample will be assigned to its own key, beginning with the selected key on the pianoroll.



  • nkitool is a simple console application which exports and imports the human readable XML file from and to Native Instruments Kontakt .nki instrument articulation files. So far, Kontakt v1 to v4 format versions are supported by this tool. nkitool is released in binary and source code format in the public domain.



  • Gigedit - a graphical instrument editor for sample based virtual instruments, based on the GigaStudio/Gigasampler file format. The GigaStudio/Gigasampler (.gig) file format is one of the major sampler formats supported by LinuxSampler and hence you can use Gigedit both as stand-alone instrument editor, or in conjunction with LinuxSampler for editing such instruments "live" while playing them with the sampler.
    • - NSKP is a script language specifically designed to write real-time capable software extensions to LinuxSampler's sampler engines that can be bundled individually with sounds by sound designers themselves. Instead of defining a completely new script language, NKSP is leaned on the Kontact's KSP properiatary script language.

  • libgig - a C++ library for loading, modifying existing and creating new Gigasampler (.gig) files and DLS (Downloadable Sounds) Level 1/2 files, KORG sample based instruments (.KSF and .KMP files), SoundFont v2 (.sf2) files and AKAI sampler data. The source code package includes a couple of command line tools based on the library. The library and tools are released in source code format under the GNU General Public License, except the AKAI classes which are released under the GNU Lesser General Public License.



  • Luigi Auriemma - files extractor for the FSB (FMOD Sample Bank) archives used by the FMOD library.

it supports FSB1, FSB2, FSB3, FSB3.1, FSB4 and FSB5 and also the encrypted archives that can be cracked easily because it's possible to see parts of the original password.


x42 AVL Drumkits

  • - avldrums.lv2 is a drum sample player plugin dedicated to Glen MacArthur's AVLdrums. This self-contained plugin provides a convenient way to rapidly sequence and mix midi-drums.

DSK Music Box

  • DSK Music Box – Beautiful old music box sound. No parameters! Just a little toy




  • LinuxSampler - modular design, decoupled from any user interface. LinuxSampler itself usually runs as own process in the background of the computer and usually does not show up anything on the screen, or at most it can be launched to show status informations and debug messages in a console window.
  • LinuxSampler Control Protocol - Main focus of this protocol is to provide a way to configure a running LinuxSampler instance and to retrieve information about it. The focus of this protocol is not to provide a way to control synthesis parameters or even to trigger or release notes. Or in other words; the focus are those functionalities which are not covered by MIDI or which may at most be handled via MIDI System Exclusive Messages.

  • Qsampler is a LinuxSampler GUI front-end application written in C++ around the Qt framework using Qt Designer. At the moment it just wraps as a client reference interface for the LinuxSampler Control Protocol (LSCP).
  • JSampler is an opensource, platform-independent, GUI front-end for LinuxSampler, written entirely in Java. The main goal of the JSampler's design is to be extensible and more flexible regarding the integration of different GUI implementations. JSampler consists of two parts: JSampler core - handles the LSCP command processing and event notifications, sent by LinuxSampler, and provides convenient data models and controllers to be used instead. The core also provides the necessary interfaces that should be implemented by all JSamler views. JSampler view - an extension to the JSampler core, which provides the user interface part of JSampler.


  • FluidSynth - A real-time software synthesizer based on the SoundFont 2 specifications. It can be used for live audio synthesis of MIDI events or for rendering MIDI files to disk, using SoundFont instruments. It can also be embedded in other applications. This is not a application with a graphical user interface, however there are several GUI applications which utilize FluidSynth.

  • Qsynth - Qt GUI Interface for FluidSynth

  • EMAP (Easy Midi Audio Production) is a graphical user interface for the fluidsynth soundfont synthesizer. It functions as a Jack compatible 1) stand alone application (gtkmm) or 2) an lv2-plugin (gtk2 or gtk3) that can be used inside any lv2 host such as ardour and qtractor. EMAP is meant to be a simple alternative to the popular qsynth UI and puts a majority of the control of the fluidsynth into the hands of the connected midi device. It is especially useful for working with a large collection of soundfonts.
  • - a very small graphical interface to fluidsynth with minimal features. It runs in the system tray. It allows you to set the audio and MIDI drivers, toggle reverb and chorus, and start fluidsynth. 2009

  • fluadity - Synthesiser and midi-to-wav converter using the Fluidsynth library. The name fluidity would be a great variant on timidity (which in turn is a magnificent variant of audacity), but 'fluidity' is already a one-person Nintendo video game, released 6dec2010.


  • DrumGizmo is an open source cross-platform drum plugin and stand-alone application. It is comparable to several commercial drum plugin products. Features include: Stand-alone, Lv2 and VSTi versions available. Open drumkit file format, allowing the community to create their own drumkits. Drum velocity, allowing for several different hit velocities for each drum. Multichannel output, making it possible to mix it just the way you would a real drumkit. Optional built-in humanizer, analyzing the midi notes, adjusting velocities on-the-fly. Stand-alone midi renderer, generating .wav files, 1 for each channel. Stand-alone midi input, making it possible to use DrumGizmo as output for an electronic drumkit.
drumgizmo -i jackmidi -o jackaudio [drumkitfile.xml]

  • DGEdit - the DrumGizmo drumkit editor


  • DrMr - LV2 sampler plugin that plays Hydrogen kits. It's main reason to exist is to give a way for lv2 hosts to have a built in drum synth that can save its entire state (i.e. no need to go out to external tools and no need to save extra state). See the wiki (click the wiki tab above) for some screenshots.


  • Konfyt - a digital keyboard workstation for Linux which allows the user to easily and quickly set up patches, each with multiple layers, and instantly switch between these patches for seamless live keyboard playing. Patches may consist of multiple layers of Soundfonts (.sf2), SFZs, audio input ports and MIDI output ports. Konfyt features a searchable library that scans the filesystem for soundfonts and SFZs. Soundfont programs are included in searches and can be viewed with a single click, giving immediate access to all programs within a soundfont.


  • calfbox - command-line jack app and python module to load SF2 and GIG files. lisalo[Qt] and laborejo use it [8]



  • sforzando is a free, highly SFZ 2.0 compliant sample player. Advanced sample hobbyists now have a powerful tool to experiment and share instruments without relying on proprietary formats. sforzando has only one instrument slot; no fancy UI, effects or mixers. Every tweak has to be done at the SFZ file level, no cheating!sforzando is also a name given for a sudden change in music dynamics which, in musical notation, is represented by the “sfz” symbol - Windows, macOS only


  • Sobanth - the soundbank instrument for Windows systems Finally available for your home computer: The brand new software multitimbral soundbank instrument VSTi – programmed by Benjamin »BeRo« Rosseaux. Since it is in the beta state you may encounter incompatibilities with some VST hosts. This version is successfully tested with BeRoTracker and Reaper.


Project SWAMI

  • Project SWAMI - Sampled Waveforms And Musical Instruments, is a collection of free software for editing, managing and playing musical instruments for MIDI music composition. Current focus is primarily the SoundFont format, which is an open file format for digital audio “sample” based instruments. Swami – Instrument editor application, libInstPatch Instrument file software library, PatchesDB – Web interface for instrument sharing sites. Uses FluidSynth, a SoundFont based software synthesizer, which works with most any sound interface.


  • synthclone is a tool that allows you to create sample-based instruments. You can create sample-based instruments by sending MIDI messages to your MIDI-capable gear or software that instructs an instrument to emit sounds for a series of notes, velocities, controls, and aftertouch values, or by recording your own samples. After the sampling is done, you can apply effects to your samples, and finally save this data as a sample-based instrument that can be loaded by sampler software.

Distributed with plugins that support the JACK Audio Connection Kit (with JACK Session support), PortAudio and PortMidi, trimming of samples, reversing samples, LV2 effects, the creation of Hydrogen, SFZ, and Renoise instruments, automated zone generation, and loading samples from your local filesystem!


  • SynthFont is a commercial program for editing and playing midi files using various sound source files like SoundFonts, GigaSampler files, SFZ files and more. VST instruments can also be used instead of a sound source file. A midi file is different from - for instance - a MP3 file in that the file does not contain any audio data. The file is a collection of notes and instructions for how to play them. SynthFont combines this data with the audio data in a SoundFont to produce ("render") an audio version of the song. - $
  • SyFonOne is a tool for playing midi in real time from a midi input port. Connect SyFonOne to your keyboard port or to a virtual midi relay port like loopMIDI by Tobias Erichsen (tested on Windows 10) (other alternatives are: MIDI Yoke and LoopBe1).

  • Zampler VST/AU sample Workstation for Windows and OS X that can compete in terms of sound and equipment loosely with the major operators. Besides REX loop and SFZ-enabled Sample oscillators offering Zampler // RX a sound modeling at its best: the integrated multimode filter types lowpass, highpass, bandpass and bandstop and various combinations thereof are to choose from. And three LFOs, three ADSR envelopes and a complex modulation matrix Liven up the sounds. Of functions through an extensive effects section, in the tube saturation, two equalizer, phaser, chorus, delay and reverb.


to sort into the above formats

  • GeneralUser GS is a GM and GS compatible SoundFont bank for composing or playing MIDI files. There are currently versions for use with FluidSynth (or Qsynth), MuseScore, Sound Blaster Live!/Audigy/X-fi sound cards, and other SoundFont-compatible hardware and software synthesizers. For owners of Sound Blaster audio cards, GeneralUser GS can greatly enhance the sound quality of GM/GS compatible MIDI files when loaded into the sound card's RAM. Compared with the default SoundFonts that Creative Labs ships with their sound cards, the instrument sounds in GeneralUser GS are far more realistic.
  • Guitar & Bass Virtual Instruments - Fender BG29 Acoustic/Electric Bass, This fantastic SoundFont was originally created by Marc Wielogroch. It includes multi-samples and release samples as well. There aren't a lot of SoundFonts that make use of release samples, so kudos to Marc for including them here! I haven't made any changes to this SoundFont except to tune the samples. I had noticed they were quite off-pitch when I tried to use the bass in a project of mine. Musical Box Fingered Bass
  • SCC Expressive Strings - a virtual string ensemble programmed for maximum expressiveness. To get the most out of this library, it is recommended to have an expression pedal connected to an 88-key MIDI keyboard. The samples have been collected from various free SoundFont banks I have found online. More details on this can be found in the readme.txt file inside the download.
  • SCC Taiko Drums - Free Taiko Drum Rack by Subaqueous. Unfortunately, none of my students use Ableton, so I decided to use the samples to create an SFZ instrument instead. I also added some samples I found on

  • Soundfonts 4U - Free Quality SoundFonts (sf2) - bs-16i SoundFonts. This aim of this site is to provide high quality SoundFonts (virtual musical instruments in sf2 format) that can be played using a midi keyboard connected to a computer, tablet or smart phone. Emphasis has been placed on real or acoustic instruments particularly piano and other favourites for keyboard players (pads, strings, electric pianos, organs and orchestral) but some SoundFonts here also include high quality guitars, some synths and ethnic instruments. There is also a nice GM set for playing general midi files. The SoundFont format sf2 is widely supported by lots of programs/apps and devices.
  • TitanicSF - At last, here's Titanic, not just another GM soundfont but one of the greatest compilations from the net with whole new sounds..., in all, 1870 waveforms, 208 MB, 276 instruments, 176 melodic presets and 16 percussion kits.
  • Virtual Playing Orchestra - a free, sfz format, sample library that attempts to emulate multiple articulations of the solo and section instruments from a full orchestra using the best samples from Sonatina Symphonic Orchestra, No Budget Orchestra, VSCO2 Community Edition, University of Iowa, Philharmonia Orchestra and extra samples from Mattias Westlund, author of Sonatina Symphonic Orchestra.
  • Sonatina Symphonic Orchestra - a free orchestral sample library. While not as advanced or ambitious in scope as commercial offerings, SSO contains all the basic building blocks for creating real virtual orchestrations. It's primarily aimed at beginners, but also more experienced composers looking for something lightweight and/or portable might find it useful.
  • PersonalCopy soundfonts

  • Soundfonts - Each link points to a zip archive file which contains an SF2 font, a midi file to demonstrate the font and details about the file.
  • Purgatorycreek Soundware - Kronos Sounds - EXs40 - EXS41 - EXs42, Lars Pipe Organ Collection, Jensen Guitar Collection, Acoustic Piano Collection, Famous Synth Sounds, Flame Studio Guitars/Basses, Reeds, Tapes, Transistors, Sonatina Strings, Prophet 5 Emulation

  • Gump Audio Samples - Yamaha CS15, The Open Source Drum Kit, The Real Snare Drum, Drum Sounds of the Sixties, Swing Jazz Drums, The Early Years
  • Big Mono - drums, 254 sample .wav files, maps for Kontakt, Battery and EXS24
  • DrumCircle is a sample library for Kontakt that features 2 (free edition) drummers